Volume 19, Issue 33: August 15, 2017
- Closing the Knowledge Gap
- Better Deal, Bad Deal
- Debt Ceiling Follies
- P. J. ORourke and the Future of Liberty
- Independent Updates
For all the standardized testing that American students are required to undergo, its astonishing how little we talk about the knowledge gap. But wait, you ask, arent new stories and commentary about academic underperformance common? Perhaps. But here we refer to a different knowledge gapthe chasm between student performance and parents misperceptions about that performance. Independent Institute Research Fellow Vicki E. Alger, author of Failure: The Federal Misedukation of Americas Children, assesses this gap in a recent post at The Beacon.
The size of the gulf is astonishing. Only about one-third of American eighth graders are proficient in reading and math, as measured by the National Assessment of Educational Progress, but a whopping 90 percent of parents think K-8 students are proficient or better, according to Alger. Parents misperceptions likely persist throughout high school, because only 37 percent of high school seniors are deemed ready for college or the workforce, even though the countrys average high school graduation rate is 83 percent, she writes.
What accounts for the disconnect between academic underperformance and parental misperceptions of proficiency or excellence? One factor is that parents often dont receive the standardized test scores in a timely mannersometimes not until weeks before a new school year, Alger writes. In addition, the results are often hard to interpret compared to a standard report card. Moreover, they are lacking in actionable information: even parents who manage to make sense of standardized test scores probably wouldnt know how to begin getting their child back on track. The performance-perception knowledge gapand its source in poor reporting to parentsis therefore a critical but neglected problem that should be made part of the nations school-reform debate.
Parents Lack Actionable Information about Their Childrens Academic Performance, by Vicki E. Alger (The Beacon, 8/8/17)
Failure: The Federal Misedukation of Americas Children, by Vicki Alger
Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY) calls it A Better Deal, but the program of economic populism he unveiled last month in a Washington Post op-ed is anything but. In a lengthy takedown at The Beacon, Independent Institute Senior Fellow William F. Shughart II explains why Schumers promise of better jobs, better wages, and a better future is not one worth keepingnot in the way the senator wishes to fulfill it.
For starters, Schumer promises to create new jobs for workers to rebuild Americas crumbling infrastructure. However, the so-called infrastructure crisis is overblown, according to Shughart. Moreover, the last time we saw such a jobs programpart of the federal stimulus package meant to pull the economy out of the Great Recession of 2008-2009it came with inevitable waste, corruption and delays, but hardly any long-term benefits for employment. As for wages, a new safety-net program such as a basic income guarantee, Shughart writes, undermines incentives to participate in the labor force and to earn ones own way in life. Hiking the federal minimum wage to $15 per hour would prompt employers to offset the increase by cutting non-wage fringe benefits (such as help to pay for uniforms), cutting back hours, and increasing automation at the expense of hiring workers.
Finally, Shughart takes on Schumers promise to help workers through government subsidies to startups and workforce training. Government institutionally is not capable of identifying and selecting the next new thing and, thus, cannot know where to encourage innovation or what advanced research merits investment, Shughart writes. Such decisions are made far better in decentralized market settings than by central planners.
Not a New Deal, a Fair Deal or a Square Deal, but Supposedly a Better Deal, by William F. Shughart II (The Beacon, 8/9/17)
Taxing Choice: The Predatory Politics of Fiscal Discrimination, edited by William F. Shughart II
When Congress reconvenes in Washington next month, the nations senators and representatives will have a lot on their plate. But while healthcare, tax reform, immigration, government spending, and trade policy are sure to take up time, the issue likely to grab their immediate attention is the debt ceiling. The story youll probably hear most is that Congress has until September 29 (says the U.S. Treasury Department) or mid-October (says the Congressional Budget Office) to approve raising the statutory debt ceiling or else the Treasury Department will default on the federal governments financial obligations and risk a sharp drop the stock and bond markets. The real story, however, may not be quite as scary, according to Independent Institute Research Fellow Craig Eyermann, creator of the Government Cost Calculator at MyGovCost.org.
Every year, Congress performs another episode of what Eyermann calls government shutdown theater, in which doors to the nations parks and monuments may be temporarily closed. This years performance may seem more dramatic than most. Thats partly because last June the Congressional Budget Office issued a statement explaining that the Treasury will not be authorized to issue additional debt that increases the amount outstanding. This lack of authority would seem to create two alternatives: either raise the limit or default on debt obligations. But Eyermann reveals that the feds have a trick up their sleeve.
If Congress fails to raise the debt ceiling, the Trump administration would pay the principal and interest owed to U.S. bondholders by reducing other categories of government spending. Many believe this would be illegal, but the administration would likely do this rather than risk the consequences of missing its scheduled payments. Trump may have (what he thinks is) the ultimate defense of this sleight of hand: The Obama administration had plans to do the same.
The Return of the Debt Ceiling, 2017 Edition, by Craig Eyermann (MyGovCost News & Blog, 8/14/17)
P. J. ORourke will be Master of Ceremonies for Independent Institutes 30th Anniversary Gala for the Future of Liberty, September 22, at the Ritz-Carlton San Francisco. For some of his insights about the future, see his article, The Future of the Economy: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies, from the Winter 2016 issue of The Independent Review. If youve never seen him speak, please check out our archive of his appears at our Independent Policy Forum (here, here, and here). They are as educational as they are entertaining.
Please join us as ORourke helps us celebrate North Korean defector and human-rights activists Yeonmi Park, high-tech venture capitalist Timothy C. Draper and Nobel Laureate economist Vernon L. Smith. This is a great opportunity to meet people committed to promoting human progresspeople like you!
A Gala for the Future of Liberty, September 22, Ritz-Carlton San Francisco
- The School Choice Deplorables
- Tax Reform I: Expand the IRA
- Checks and Balances: Assessing Trumps First 200 Days
- Forgive and Forget Wont Fix College Debt
- Not a New Deal, a Fair Deal or a Square Deal, but Supposedly a Better Deal
- Is Jeff Sessions Still Attorney General?
- Parents Lack Actionable Information about Their Childrens Academic Performance
- Transit Boss Bonanza Stresses Taxpayers
- The Return of the Debt Ceiling, 2017 Edition
- A Failure to Execute in Washington D.C.
- More Costs Flowing from Government Dam Negligence