The Power of Independent Thinking


Stay Connected
Get the latest updates straight to your inbox.

Working Papers

Working Papers are research articles that have been submitted to the Independent Institute or written by our Fellows, but have not yet been published or peer reviewed. Independent maintains this index of working papers in order to help disseminate, discuss, and improve important ideas. Authors welcome informed comments. If you would like to submit your paper for possible inclusion please email the paper’s abstract to Independent’s Research Director, William F. Shughart II.

‘Liberal’ as a Political Adjective (in English), 1769–1824
Historical Episodes of Full Dollarization
Misinformation Is a Word We Use to Shut You Up
The Creation of Knowledge in Society: Waste Defined by Property and Exchange
More and Better: Resources Defined Through Property and Exchange
Of Arms, Freedom, and Capitalism
What Piers Morgan Does Not Know
Retail Innovations in American Economic History
The Rise of Mass-Market Merchandisers
A Brief History of Checkpoints (And What to do About Them)
Iraq, Afghanistan, War, and Money: A Look at Two Presidencies
Life Expectancy, Health Care, and Economics
The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and the Political Economy of California Water Allocation
Private Policing in San Francisco
Keys to Economics of Global Warming
A Critique of the Dismal Theorem
Internal Enforcement
The Political Economy of Immigration
Love’s Imperative
A Study on Kant and Kolbe
Privatizing the Adjudication of Disputes
Jacob K. Javits and Latin American Economic Integration
Mere Economic Science
C. S. Lewis and the Poverty of Naturalism
The Radical Libertarian Political Economy of 19th Century Preacher David Lipscomb
Taxing Development: The Law and Economics of Traffic Impact Fees
Somalia After State Collapse: Chaos or Improvement?
Is Future Conflict with China Unavoidable?
A Geo-Spatial Macro-Economic Analysis of Climate Change
An Experimental Investigation of Hobbesian Jungles
Development Aid and Economic Freedom: Are They Related?

  • Catalyst
  • Beyond Homeless