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Working Papers

Working Papers are research articles that have been submitted to the Independent Institute or written by our Fellows, but have not yet been published or peer reviewed. Independent maintains this index of working papers in order to help disseminate, discuss, and improve important ideas. Authors welcome informed comments. If you would like to submit your paper for possible inclusion please email the paper’s abstract to Independent’s Research Director, William F. Shughart II.

Development Aid and Economic Freedom: Are They Related?
Government and the Economy: The World Wars
Government and the Economy since World War II
Is Cybersecurity a Public Good? Evidence from the Financial Services Industry
“Not Merely Perfidious but Ungrateful”
The U.S. Takeover of West Florida
State Development Planning: Did it Create an East Asian Miracle?
Sweatshops and Third World Living Standards: Are the Jobs Worth the Sweat?
Coasian Contracts in the Coeur d’Alene Mining District
Institutional Foundations of Economic Freedom
A time-series cross-section analysis
Prostitution and Sex Crimes
Individual Unemployment Accounts
The Ongoing Growth of Government in the Economically Advanced Countries
Do Off-Label Drug Practices Argue Against FDA Efficacy Requirements?
Testing an Argument by Structured Conversations with Experts
The Lighthouse as a Private-Sector Collective Good
Wartime Socialization of Investment
A Reassessment of U.S. Capital Formation in the 1940s
International Money and Common Currencies in Historical Perspective
The Demand for Democide
An Instrumental Variables Analysis
Development of the American Railroad Network During the Early 19th Century
Private versus Public Enterprise
Privateering and National Defense: Naval Warfare for Private Profit
Economic Principles of Constitutions
An Economic Analysis of Constitutional Law
Constitutional Causes for Technological Leadership: Why Europe?
Nation of Origin Bias and the Enforcement of Immigration Laws by the Immigration and Naturalization Service
Political Yardstick Competition, Economic Integration, and Constitutional Choice in a Federation
Do Civil and Political Repression Really Boost Foreign Direct Investments?
Teacher Training and Texas Education Reform
A Study in Contradiction

  • Catalyst
  • Beyond Homeless