The Power of Independent Thinking


Stay Connected
Get the latest updates straight to your inbox.

Working Papers

Working Papers are research articles that have been submitted to the Independent Institute or written by our Fellows, but have not yet been published or peer reviewed. Independent maintains this index of working papers in order to help disseminate, discuss, and improve important ideas. Authors welcome informed comments. If you would like to submit your paper for possible inclusion please email the paper’s abstract to Independent’s Research Director, William F. Shughart II.

“Not Merely Perfidious but Ungrateful”
The U.S. Takeover of West Florida

Robert Higgs | March 14, 2005

State Development Planning: Did it Create an East Asian Miracle?
Benjamin Powell | September 28, 2004

Sweatshops and Third World Living Standards: Are the Jobs Worth the Sweat?
Benjamin Powell, David B. Skarbek | September 27, 2004

Coasian Contracts in the Coeur d’Alene Mining District
Robert Higgs | June 2, 2004

Institutional Foundations of Economic Freedom
A time-series cross-section analysis

Xavier de Vanssay, Zane Spindler, Vincent Hildebrand | May 20, 2004

Prostitution and Sex Crimes
Kirby R. Cundiff | April 8, 2004

Individual Unemployment Accounts
Stephen M. Colarelli, Lawrence Brunner | October 5, 2003

The Ongoing Growth of Government in the Economically Advanced Countries
Robert Higgs | October 3, 2003

Do Off-Label Drug Practices Argue Against FDA Efficacy Requirements?
Testing an Argument by Structured Conversations with Experts

Alexander T. Tabarrok, Daniel B. Klein | October 2, 2003

The Lighthouse as a Private-Sector Collective Good
Fred E. Foldvary | October 1, 2003

Wartime Socialization of Investment
A Reassessment of U.S. Capital Formation in the 1940s

Robert Higgs | June 2, 2003

International Money and Common Currencies in Historical Perspective
James R. Lothian, Gerald P. Dwyer, Jr. | May 1, 2002

The Demand for Democide
An Instrumental Variables Analysis

King Banaian | December 1, 2001

Development of the American Railroad Network During the Early 19th Century
Private versus Public Enterprise

Clifford F. Thies | October 1, 2001

Privateering and National Defense: Naval Warfare for Private Profit
Larry J. Sechrest | September 1, 2001

Economic Principles of Constitutions
An Economic Analysis of Constitutional Law

Jurgen G. Backhaus | August 2, 2001

Constitutional Causes for Technological Leadership: Why Europe?
Jurgen G. Backhaus | August 1, 2001

Nation of Origin Bias and the Enforcement of Immigration Laws by the Immigration and Naturalization Service
Jim F. Couch, Brett A. King, William H. Wells, Peter M. Williams | June 1, 2001

Political Yardstick Competition, Economic Integration, and Constitutional Choice in a Federation
Martin R. Bodenstein, Heinrich W. Ursprung | May 4, 2001

Do Civil and Political Repression Really Boost Foreign Direct Investments?
Philipp W. Harms, Heinrich W. Ursprung | May 3, 2001

Teacher Training and Texas Education Reform
A Study in Contradiction

J. E. Stone | May 2, 2001

Homicide Rates and Substance Control Policy
Kirby R. Cundiff | May 1, 2001

Do Good Laws Make Good Citizens?
An Economic Analysis of Internalizing Legal Values

Robert D. Cooter | April 8, 2001

You Get What You Pay For: Result-Based Compensation for Health Care
David A. Hyman, Charles Silver | April 7, 2001

The Positive Correlation of Price and Concentration in Staples: Market Power or Indivisibility?
Craig M. Newmark | April 6, 2001

  • Catalyst