Death and Taxes
By Robert Higgs
From the revolutionary-era Whiskey tax to twentieth-century war taxes, the proverbial two certainties of life have exhibited an uncanny correlation throughout American history. And through such institutional fixtures as federal excise taxes, the Sixteenth Amendment, the IRS and federal income tax withholding, war finance has profoundly altered the individuals relationship to the American state.
|Other Independent Review articles by Robert Higgs|
|Fall 2019||Pressure-Release Valves in Participatory Fascism|
|Winter 2018/19||Two Worlds: Politics and Everything Else|
|Fall 2018||Against the Whole Concept and Construction of the Balance of International Payments|
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