Bernsteins reply does not advance the debate on the atomic bombing of Japan. His critiques of Fullers statistics are unjustified, and he unconvincingly asserts the primacy of politics over economics. His reply distracts from the atom bombs central economic lessons: Japan embraced autarky in the 1930s, while the U.S. embraced protectionism. These economic mistakes put the nations on a collision course. The takeaway is that protectionism and autarky led to the war, and the war led to the atomic bombing.
|Other Independent Review articles by Edward W. Fuller
|An Economic Case against the Atomic Bombing of Japan