Timothy Sandefur’s critique of F. A. Hayek’s social thought (The Independent Review, Summer 2009) makes some legitimate criticisms of Hayek’s ethical framework but is marred by a misunderstanding of what constitutes spontaneous order. Sandefur’s mistake arises from his view of constructivist rationalism as the opposite of spontaneous order.

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Other Independent Review articles by Gus diZerega
Spring 2013 Gus diZerega Responds to Robert Nelson and Nelson Replies
Fall 2011 Spontaneous Order and Liberalism’s Complex Relation to Democracy