The title of Volker Berghahn’s 2006 book, Europe in the Era of the Two World Wars: From Militarism and Genocide to Civil Society, 1900–1950, suggests that his small work is something other than what it is—an extended essay on the crescendo of brutality in the Western world and the rapid subsidence of this violence by 1950. Oddly, although Berghahn devotes more than one third of his text to Hitler’s “violence without bounds,” he spends a mere five pages on Stalin’s “experiment in violence.”