Two recent books reveal the hidden richness and complexity of America’s constitutional history: Marc Kruman’s Between Authority and Liberty: State Constitution Making in Revolutionary America and William Novak’s The People’s Welfare: Law and Regulation in Nineteenth-Century America. Explicitly revisionist, they show how state constitutions were shaped both by their framers’ guiding principles and by the realities of day-to-day politics.

Andrew R. Rutten is a former Lecturer in the Department of Political Science at Stanford University.
American HistoryConstitutional LawLaw and Liberty
Other Independent Review articles by Andrew R. Rutten
Fall 2006 Politics in Time
Fall 2003 The New Economy (Pre)Dux; or, What History Teaches Us about the Wired World
Summer 2001 Rethinking the New Deal Court: The Structure of a Constitutional Revolution
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