The Development of Liberalism in Ukraine
By Leonid A. Krasnozhon, Yuliya Yehorova
This article appeared in the Winter 2022/23 issue of The Independent Review.
This essay traces the development of Ukrainian liberalism from the 19th century to modern times, beginning with intellectuals such as Mykhailo Drahomanov, Ivan Franko, Bohdan Kistyakivsky, and Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky who opposed imperialism, rejected Marxism, and promulgated ideas of freedom and democracy grounded in the western system of beliefs. It describes how and why liberalism as a social arrangement has driven recent democratization and market-oriented reforms in Ukraine.
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