When communists set about to create a “new man” for a “new system,” they needed a mass-scale institutional application of indoctrination and social engineering. This task fell to the ideological commissar. This article explores the complex institutional processes and practices of communists’ indoctrination and social control at the macro, mezzo, and micro level.

Philosophy and ReligionSocialism, Communism, and Collectivism
Other Independent Review articles by Paul Dragos Aligica
Fall 2021 Socialism as a Secular Creed: A Modern Global History