What would be its basic military needs if the United States were to pursue a grand strategy of “peaceful trade with all, entangling alliances with none”? The answer would depend on the desired flavor of what Herbert Hoover called “independent internationalism.”

Ivan Eland is Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute and Director of the Institute’s Center on Peace & Liberty.
Twitter      Email
Bureaucracy and GovernmentDefense and Foreign PolicyDefense BudgetGovernment and PoliticsTerrorism and Homeland Security
Other Independent Review articles by Ivan Eland
Fall 2022 The Right: The Hundred-Year War for American Conservatism
Summer 2022 America’s Rise and Fall among Nations: Lessons in Statecraft from John Quincy Adams
Fall 2015 Suicide Pact: The Radical Expansion of Presidential Powers and the Lethal Threat to American Liberty
[View All (6)]