The Soviet Union was the first state to make mass murder an ideological imperative, especially against people of faith. By the beginning of the Second World War, almost all clergy and millions of believers of all religions and denominations had been shot or sent to labor camps.

Other Independent Review articles by Yuri N. Maltsev
    Summer 2008   Resisting the State
    Winter 2006   Privatization and Piratization in Post-Communist Russia
    Spring 1996   Dismantling Utopia