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Volume 1  Number 1  •  Spring 1996
All Issues:  

The End of Welfare and the Contradiction of Compassion
By Stephen T. Ziliak
This article appeared in the Spring 1996 issue of The Independent Review

When welfare (then called “public outdoor relief”) was abolished in large- and medium-size cities of the United States more than a century ago, private charities stepped in, spending just as much on aid as the cities had spent. If welfare dependency occurred under public assistance, it continued even after private charity took over, with aid recipients spending just as much time on the private dole as they had on public assistance.

Other Independent Review articles by Stephen T. Ziliak
    Spring 2002   Fighting Poverty with Virtue
    Summer 1999   Overcoming Welfare

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