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Volume 23  Number 2  •  Fall 2018
All Issues:  

The Best Cases of “Actually Existing Socialism”
By Ryan H. Murphy
This article appeared in the Fall 2018 issue of The Independent Review

From 1985 to 2015, China, Hungary, and Israel outperformed other cases of “actually existing socialism” in terms of real GDP per capita, income and wealth equality, education, infant mortality rates, and life expectancy. Not only did those three countries liberalize their economies over that period, but each moved closer toward the U.S. model of liberal market institutions than toward the Scandinavian welfare-state model.

This article will be posted in full nine months after its initial print publication. To read it now, please download the issue via the Independent Review app (available on iOS, Kindle Fire and Android) for $2.99, or buy a print copy of this issue for $12.00.


Other Independent Review articles by Ryan H. Murphy
    Fall 2018   Reply to Michael C. Munger
    Fall 2017   The Diseconomies of Do-It-Yourself
    Winter 2015   The Unconstrained Vision of Nassim Taleb







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