Grover Cleveland against the Special Interests
By Stefanie Haeffele-Balch, Virgil Henry Storr
This article appeared in the Spring 2014 issue of The Independent Review


During his first presidential term (1885-89), Cleveland opposed the partisan “spoils system” in the civil service, private legislation to benefit particular constituents, federal disaster relief, and protectionism. Public choice theory provides an illuminating framework for examining the challenges he faced.

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