The Power of Independent Thinking


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Volume 3  Number 1  •  Summer 1998
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The Vulnerability of the Arab State: Reflections on the Ayubi Thesis
By Timur Kuran
This article appeared in the Summer 1998 issue of The Independent Review

Why have none of the twenty-two Arab countries participated in the worldwide move toward liberalization? In his important but frustrating book Over-Stating the Arab State, Nazih Ayubi argues that, paradoxically, some Arab states might move toward liberalization—if they were strong enough to overcome the political and cultural forces that favor authoritarianism.