Before the ink was dry on the $787 billion American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, President Obama announced plans to ask for an additional $275 billion to bail out as many as 5 million homeowners currently behind on their mortgage payments.
About $200 billion of the proposed total will go directly into the coffers of Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, the two government-sponsored entities that aggressively guaranteed or bought outright many of the subprime and Alt-A mortgages that are at the heart of the bursting of the housing bubble.
Only months after being declared insolvent and taken into federal receivership, Freddie and Fannie apparently now are to be major players in rescuing the home buyers they themselves helped lead down the garden path. Lending money to people who cant afford to repay it is in line to be rewarded.
So much for market discipline.
The remaining $75 billion is earmarked for lenders. Theyll become eligible to be paid $1,000 for every mortgage they modify so as to reduce borrowers monthly payments to 31 percent of income, provided that the borrower thereafter stays current on the loan.
One would have thought that lenders already had such an incentive. In a down real-estate marketwhere homes can be resold only at prices below what the current owner owesbanks can either demand compliance with original contract terms and risk nonpayment and foreclosure or they can cut their losses by renegotiating loan terms.
Just as autoworkers employed by General Motors and Chrysler can choose between having a job at, say, $25 per hour rather than being unemployed at $45 per hour, mortgage lenders can either watch the values of their loan portfolios evaporate or accept lesser returns.
They dont need the carrot of $1,000or the presidents threat that if they dont provide relief voluntarily he will authorize bankruptcy judges to impose itto make the right call.
The tens of millions of homeowners who continue to make their monthly mortgage payments should be outraged at the presidents planned bailout of people who bought houses they can no longer affordand many understandably are.
They, and Americas taxpayers in general, should be equally outraged by the $410 billion, earmark-laden omnibus budget bill. The economy is shrinking and unemployment is approaching double-digit levels, yet Washington will spend nearly 9 percent more on discretionary programs in fiscal year 2009 than it did in 2008.
Hardworking Americans can only dream about such a substantial raise.
The federal budget deficit next year even now is estimated likely to exceed $1.7 trillion. If the fiscal mania does not stop, America stands to be a debtor nation permanently and we and our children will face confiscatory tax rates just to pay interest on the federal governments debt.
It is by now apparent that financial markets at home and abroad do not think that Washingtons ad-hoc responses to an economic crisis that it itself created by an easy money policy and encouragement of risky lendingand which it will lengthen and deepen by ill-considered fiscal stimulusare the recipe for a return to prosperity.
As a matter of fact, looming tax increases in New York, California, Kansas and other cash-strapped states will go a long way toward neutralizing whatever effects the federal stimulus package might have had. Other states, such as Mississippi, are planning to use at least part of the largesse they expect from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to fund ordinary government operations.
Recovery will be possible only when both Washington and the states get their fiscal houses in order. As John Kennedy and Ronald Reagan most recently proved, across-the-board tax and spending cuts are the path to economic growth.
|William F. Shughart II is a Research Director and Senior Fellow at The Independent Institute, J. Fish Smith Professor in Public Choice in the Jon M. Huntsman School of Business at Utah State University, and editor of the Independent Institute book, Taxing Choice: The Predatory Politics of Fiscal Discrimination.|