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Commentary

Jack Kevorkian Is Back


     
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WASHINGTON—A personal experience recently reaffirmed my conviction that the government, which is sometimes the mechanism by which my next-door neighbor expropriates my free will, should not prolong a person’s suffering against his or her own wishes.

A couple of months ago, I underwent surgery. The operation caused traumatic complications that only now, after undergoing surgery for a second time, have started to give way to a process of recovery. For five weeks, I was virtually disabled; I spent my time grappling with excruciating pain and the fear that, if my condition became irreversible, few of my actions in the future would be really free.

A few things kept me going. My wife, who witnessed—but was never paralyzed by—some shocking scenes, was one of them. Also, for reasons that remain mysterious to me, certain literature lifted my spirits when I was able to concentrate. “The Psychiatrist”, a short story by Machado de Assis, the 19th-century Brazilian writer, had a therapeutic effect. It is the tale of a physician who locks up an entire town in a mental asylum in the name of science. I also drew inspiration from Albert J. Nock’s biography of Thomas Jefferson, which refers to the great American’s distrust of the medical profession (“the judicious ... physician should ... (simply assist) the salutary effort which nature makes to re-establish the disordered functions”).

But there was one other thing that kept me going: the idea of death as relief. I remember thinking what a powerful psychological effect the legalization of euthanasia would have on suffering patients if they knew that, ultimately, putting a stop to it all with minimal suffering and professional help was an option.

I was not surprised to learn that in Oregon, the only state in the U.S. where assisted suicide has been decriminalized, just 300 patients have taken that route in the last 10 years. In Switzerland, which joins the Netherlands and Belgium as the only countries where assisted suicide is legal, the numbers are proportionately higher—but only because the dignified solution is also open to foreigners.

Other nations—Uruguay, for example, where a judge may pardon a killer if the homicide is “pious” and has been committed with the victim’s consent—have allowed sufficient cracks in the legal system to leave the matter open to interpretation. But, for the most part, euthanasia remains a taboo.

Two reasons account for this situation. One is a tradition inaugurated by Hippocrates, whose original oath rejected euthanasia. The medical profession continues to swear something similar to that oath today. The second, more important, reason is religious. The Judeo-Christian legacy weighs heavily against euthanasia, although there are proponents of assisted suicide among certain branches of Protestantism, including some Methodists and Episcopalians. Among polytheistic beliefs, Hinduism is also inclined against euthanasia, although in some circumstances a terminally ill person can be assisted because the avatars are thought to be ready to take him.

The religious argument against euthanasia—that it violates the sanctity of life—contradicts the single most powerful premise of the Judeo-Christian tradition: that God gives every person free will. Under a spiritual guise, it amounts to saying that the end—the preservation of a live body that has been rendered useless—justifies the means, prolonging the torment that that body inflicts on the patient’s spirit. Finally, it undermines the belief that the spirit outlives the body, conferring sanctity on the useless body rather than on the spirit desperate to liberate itself from the suffering.

Jack Kevorkian, the doctor who assisted with the suicide of terminally ill patients and served eight years in prison for those “crimes”, was convicted under a law that never should have been enacted. We would do no good to our civilization if we reacted to Kevorkian’s return to society by simply dismissing him as a nutty “has been” or taking refuge in the disgust we may feel at the videotape he sent to “60 Minutes” in 1998—the one that triggered his prosecution.

Kevorkian became both a celebrity and a criminal because the law made him one. His reappearance in society reminds us that his uncomfortable cause continues to be just. The quicker the law moves in the direction of justice on this profoundly moral issue, the sooner we will prevent future Kevorkians—both the celebrity types and those who perform clandestine euthanasia in so many countries today.


Alvaro Vargas Llosa is Senior Fellow of The Center on Global Prosperity at The Independent Institute. He is a native of Peru and received his B.S.C. in international history from the London School of Economics. His Independent Institute books include Global Crossings: Immigration, Civilization, and America, Lessons From the Poor: Triumph of the Entrepreneurial Spirit, The Che Guevara Myth and the Future of Liberty, and Liberty for Latin America.

(c) 2007, The Washington Post Writers Group

  New from Alvaro Vargas Llosa!
GLOBAL CROSSINGS: Immigration, Civilization, and America
The erosion of national boundaries—and even the idea of the nation state—is already underway as people become ever more inter-connected across borders. A jungle of myth, falsehood and misrepresentation dominates the debate over immigration. The reality is that the economic contributions of immigration far outweigh the costs.






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