President George W. Bush, vice president Dick Cheney, defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld, homeland security adviser Tom Ridge, and other government leaders rarely miss an opportunity nowadays to remind us of the grave danger we face. In a speech on July 16, the president declared, We are today a Nation at risk to a new and changing threat. Noting that the terrorist threat to America takes many forms, has many places to hide, and is often invisible, the president emphasized our enduring vulnerability. Evidently, the danger has not diminished much lately. I have just checked the threat indicator at the Web site of the Office of Homeland Security and found it, as of October 27, to be yellow, signifying an elevated level.
Obviously, were in a world of trouble. Equally obviously, the government accepts full responsibility for allaying the threat its leaders say we face. As the president himself put it in the July 16 speech, The U.S. government has no more important mission than protecting the homeland from future terrorist attack.
But youve got to wonder. If we are really in such danger, why doesnt the government act as if we are? Danger is supposed to focus the mind and sharpen ones responses. The actions of the federal government, however, continue to be anything but focused. Scattered to hell and back describes them more accurately.
Consider, for example, that not long ago Congress passed and the president signed a farm bill that will increase spending by some $83 billion over the next decade. All disinterested parties recognize that the greater part of this vast sum constitutes nothing but welfare for rich landowners and related agribusiness interests. Regardless of how we might characterize it, however, one things for sure: every dollar spent on agricultural subsidies is a dollar not spent on fighting terrorism. If terrorists menace us so seriously, why is the government squandering precious fiscal resources on welfare for agribusiness?
Even a small portion of the money being shoveled to farmers would go a long way toward modernizing the FBIs outdated computer systemyou know, the one that couldnt collate and communicate all the information the government possessed about the men who later hijacked the airliners on September 11, 2001. The FBI now claims that it will invest in new computers, and that it will add some 900 agents to its payroll, some of them actually knowledgeable in foreign languages (some Arabic speakers might be nice for a change), but the Bureau continues to complain that it is hard pressed for budgetary resources.
Rather than financing still another wing on farmer Smiths rural palace, why not use some of the farm loot to buy information about what the terrorists are plotting in their various haunts around the world? Just $10 billion of the agri-subsidy moneymere chump change for the Farm Bureau guyswould go a long, long way in loosening the tongues of informants in the back alleys of Karachi, Lahore, and Kuala Lumpur. That information might help to save American lives, which is a bit more than you can say for doling out mega-billions to the rice, corn, and cotton kings of this country.
The farm program, however, is scarcely the sole example of the governments misshapen conduct. Evidently it hasnt occurred to anybody in the government that the agencies responsible for dealing with the terrorist threat might need the publics money more than, say, the federal education and training programs, which have been soaking up more than $40 billion annuallyand I need not remind the reader just how effective those dollars have been in raising the reading, writing, and arithmetic skills of the student population. Or maybe we could reallocate some of the $11 billion dished out each year for community and regional development. Isnt it more pressing to obstruct the next gang of mad bombers than to fund more bike paths?
The entire Justice Department, which includes the FBI and other agencies assigned to preventing terrorism, employs some 126,000 persons (reported at the end of fiscal year 2000). Why cant the government bulk up its corps of critical protective workers by cutting away some of the 104,000 employees of the Department of Agriculture (or, barring that possibility, by diverting some of the G-men from the cruel and futile drug war)? Pretty soon the USDAs staff will exceed the number of full-time farmers in the country. Shouldnt a nation truly threatened with mortal danger try to deal with that danger, rather than spending its resources on still another study of fluctuations in the yield of kumquats?
On October 23, the president signed into law the defense departments appropriation act for fiscal year 2003. It provides the Pentagon with $355 billion, a whopping 12 percent more than last years budget. The military construction bill provides an additional $10.5 billion, the energy department bill will add some $15 billion for the militarys nuclear-weapons programs, and eventually Congress will cough up another $10 billion for a contingency account the president wants to use as a military slush fund.
Lest you think that this huge pot of money bears some relation to the fight against terrorism, you ought to consider the specific accounts it funds, such as $7.4 billion for the budgetary black hole known as ballistic-missile defense; $1.5 billion for another Virginia-class attack submarine, to use against the nearly nonexistent Russian navy; $4.7 billion for R&D on the F-22 plus twenty-three of the actual high-performance fighters, to use against the nearly nonexistent Russian air force; $1.6 billion for eleven V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft, a contraption so ill-designed that it poses a greater threat to its occupants than to any enemy; and $3.2 billion for forty-six more F/A-18E/F fighters, to maintain air superiority overwell, theyll think of somebody.
Our enemy, George W. Bush has said, is smart and resolute. All right, maybe so. But the president insisted, We are smarter and more resolute. Unfortunately, this claim does not sit comfortably with the facts. A smarter and more resolute government would not throw away the resources needed to ward off terrorists, using the available funds instead to finance winter vacations in Martinique for wealthy farmers, or to bankroll still another eminently dispensable community development project, or to keep a hundred thousand otiose employees on the payroll at the USDA. A smarter and more resolute government would not fritter away scores of billions of dollars annually on producing, deploying, and maintaining an array of weapon systems fit only for fighting a USSR that no longer exists.
It is all too clear that either we are not really in grave danger, and hence the governments actions, though sufficiently objectionable in many ways, are not lethally reprehensible, or we really are in grave danger and, given that condition, the government is acting in a completely irresponsible and utterly immoral manner. If semi-organized gangs of suicidal maniacs numbering in the thousands are out to kill us all, the government ought not to be fiddling with kindergarten subsidies and the preservation of the slightly spotted southeastern screech owl. It ought to get serious.
Early in the twentieth century, a colorful character by the name of Smedley D. Butler rose to the rank of major general in the U.S. Marine Corps, serving in many places around the world and twice being awarded the Congressional Metal of Honor. In 1935, in retirement, he wrote a tract titled War Is a Racket, in which he drew on his personal experiences to explain how some peoplepoliticians, bankers, and munitions makersprofit from war, while other peopleordinary soldiers and taxpayersbear the costs of war in blood and treasure. War is not what its cracked up to be by those who lead the nation into it, he argued. Its just a racket.
Butler had in mind U.S. participation in World War I as well as U.S. interventions in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. He died in 1940, so he never witnessed the even wider ranging global interventionism in which the United States has engaged during the past sixty years. If he were alive today, however, I have no doubt about how he would perceive the governments so-called war on terrorism. I even have a hunch about the word he would use to describe it.
Robert Higgs is Senior Fellow in Political Economy at The Independent Institute and Editor at Large of the Institutes quarterly journal The Independent Review. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Johns Hopkins University, and he has taught at the University of Washington, Lafayette College, Seattle University, and the University of Economics, Prague. He has been a visiting scholar at Oxford University and Stanford University, and a fellow for the Hoover Institution and the National Science Foundation. He is the author of many books, including Depression, War, and Cold War.
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