U.S. presidents have led the American people into a host of bloody and costly wars, even though the only foreign power to have posed an existential threat to the nation was the Soviet Union during the Cold War. A president’s decision to go to war can be illuminated by means of a simple diagram.

Robert Higgs is Retired Senior Fellow in Political Economy, Founding Editor and former Editor at Large of The Independent Review.
Defense and Foreign PolicyGovernment and PoliticsPolitical History
Other Independent Review articles by Robert Higgs
Fall 2019 Pressure-Release Valves in Participatory Fascism
Winter 2018/19 Two Worlds: Politics and Everything Else
Fall 2018 Against the Whole Concept and Construction of the Balance of International Payments
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