2021 marks the twentieth anniversary of the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the U.S. government’s subsequent “war on terror.” The articles in this symposium explore some of the ways the government’s response has changed American life and show that the costs of the war have been high and the consequences have been significant in areas including foreign relations, domestic policing, immigration policy, and domestic extremism.

Christopher J. Coyne is a Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute, Professor of Economics at George Mason University, and Co-Editor of The Independent Review. He is the author of the new book, In Search of Monsters to Destroy: The Folly of American Empire and the Paths to Peace.
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AfghanistanDefense and Foreign PolicyIraqTerrorism and Homeland Security
Other Independent Review articles by Christopher J. Coyne
Summer 2023 A Symposium on Gene Sharp’s The Politics of Nonviolent Action
Summer 2023 The Market Process as Nonviolent Action
Summer 2023 Unreliable Watchdog: The News Media and U.S. Foreign Policy
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