Were the Russian anarchists doomed to be crushed or co-opted by the Bolsheviks for reasons inherent in their ideology, such as anarchist theory’s ambivalence about power? The highly effective military and political organization of Ukrainian anarchist Nestor Makhno (1889–1935) suggests not.

Peter Mentzel is a professor at Utah State University.
Economic PolicyEconomyGovernment and PoliticsPhilosophy and ReligionPolitical HistorySocialism, Communism, and Collectivism
Other Independent Review articles by Peter Mentzel
Fall 2000 Property and Freedom