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Working Papers

Working Papers are research articles that have been submitted to the Independent Institute or written by our Fellows, but have not yet been published or peer reviewed. Independent maintains this index of working papers in order to help disseminate, discuss, and improve important ideas. Authors welcome informed comments. If you would like to submit your paper for possible inclusion please email the paper’s abstract to Independent’s Research Director, William F. Shughart II.

Love’s Imperative
A Study on Kant and Kolbe

José Maria J. Yulo | August 18, 2009

An Experimental Investigation of Hobbesian Jungles
Bart J. Wilson | May 23, 2005

Nation of Origin Bias and the Enforcement of Immigration Laws by the Immigration and Naturalization Service
Peter M. Williams, William H. Wells | June 1, 2001

Freedom of Speech, Cyberspace, Harassment Law, and the Clinton Administration
Eugene Volokh | December 6, 1999

Freedom of Speech, Information Privacy, and the Troubling Implications of a Right to Stop People from Speaking About You
Eugene Volokh | December 4, 1999

Political Yardstick Competition, Economic Integration, and Constitutional Choice in a Federation
Heinrich W. Ursprung | May 4, 2001

Do Civil and Political Repression Really Boost Foreign Direct Investments?
Heinrich W. Ursprung | May 3, 2001

Development of the American Railroad Network During the Early 19th Century
Private versus Public Enterprise

Clifford F. Thies | October 1, 2001

Minimum Wages For Women Only
Clifford F. Thies | April 5, 2001

Mere Economic Science
C. S. Lewis and the Poverty of Naturalism

David J. Theroux | March 6, 2007

Do Off-Label Drug Practices Argue Against FDA Efficacy Requirements?
Testing an Argument by Structured Conversations with Experts

Alexander T. Tabarrok | October 2, 2003

The Anomaly of Off-Label Drug Prescriptions
Alexander T. Tabarrok | November 1, 1999

Runaway Judges? Selection Effects and the Jury
Alexander T. Tabarrok | September 2, 1999

The Effect of Electoral Institutions on Tort Awards
Alexander T. Tabarrok | September 1, 1999

Private Policing in San Francisco
Edward P. Stringham | December 21, 2009

Privatizing the Adjudication of Disputes
Edward P. Stringham | October 17, 2007

The Radical Libertarian Political Economy of 19th Century Preacher David Lipscomb
Edward P. Stringham | December 14, 2006

Taxing Development: The Law and Economics of Traffic Impact Fees
Edward P. Stringham | December 12, 2006

Teacher Training and Texas Education Reform
A Study in Contradiction

J. E. Stone | May 2, 2001

Institutional Foundations of Economic Freedom
A time-series cross-section analysis

Zane Spindler | May 20, 2004

Constitutional Design and Economic Freedom
Zane Spindler | March 1, 2001

Public Health and the Placebo: The Legacy of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act
Russell S. Sobel | April 3, 2001

Sweatshops and Third World Living Standards: Are the Jobs Worth the Sweat?
David B. Skarbek | September 27, 2004

The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and the Political Economy of California Water Allocation
Leo K. Simon | September 22, 2010

You Get What You Pay For: Result-Based Compensation for Health Care
Charles Silver | April 7, 2001

Keys to Economics of Global Warming
A Critique of the Dismal Theorem

Sungno Niggol Seo | November 3, 2009

A Geo-Spatial Macro-Economic Analysis of Climate Change
Sungno Niggol Seo | August 18, 2005

Privateering and National Defense: Naval Warfare for Private Profit
Larry J. Sechrest | September 1, 2001

Islands in a Sea of Obligation: Limits on the Duty To Rescue
David J. Schmidtz | January 1, 2000

The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and the Political Economy of California Water Allocation
Susan Stratton Sayre | September 22, 2010

Development Aid and Economic Freedom: Are They Related?
Matt E. Ryan | May 9, 2005

Effects of Criminal Procedure on Crime Rates
Mapping Out the Consequences of The Exclusionary Rule

Paul H. Rubin | October 7, 1999

Litigation versus Legislation
Forum Shopping by Rent-Seekers

Paul H. Rubin | October 6, 1999

Political Systems, Economics of Organization, and the Information Revolution (The Supply Side of Public Choice)
Jean-Jacques Rosa | April 2, 2001

Jacob K. Javits and Latin American Economic Integration
Salvador Rivera Ph.D. | August 20, 2007

Taxing Development: The Law and Economics of Traffic Impact Fees
Benjamin Powell | December 12, 2006

Somalia After State Collapse: Chaos or Improvement?
Benjamin Powell | November 30, 2006

An Experimental Investigation of Hobbesian Jungles
Benjamin Powell | May 23, 2005

Development Aid and Economic Freedom: Are They Related?
Benjamin Powell | May 9, 2005

Is Cybersecurity a Public Good? Evidence from the Financial Services Industry
Benjamin Powell | March 14, 2005

State Development Planning: Did it Create an East Asian Miracle?
Benjamin Powell | September 28, 2004

Sweatshops and Third World Living Standards: Are the Jobs Worth the Sweat?
Benjamin Powell | September 27, 2004

What Larry Doesn’t Get
A Libertarian Response to Lessig’s Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace

David G. Post | February 1, 2000

Somalia After State Collapse: Chaos or Improvement?
Alex Nowrasteh | November 30, 2006

The Positive Correlation of Price and Concentration in Staples: Market Power or Indivisibility?
Craig M. Newmark | April 6, 2001

Internal Enforcement
The Political Economy of Immigration

Keith D. Malone | October 30, 2009

International Money and Common Currencies in Historical Perspective
James R. Lothian | May 1, 2002

Financial Integration over Three Centuries
James R. Lothian | April 1, 2001

New Anti-Merger Theories
Edward J. López | December 2, 1999



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