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Volume 12  Number 1  •  Summer 2007
Other Issues:  

Results of Still Another Fifty-Year Experiment in Political Economy
By Robert Higgs
This article appeared in the Summer 2007 issue of The Independent Review

Before the Soviet Union began its occupation of Estonia in 1940, that Baltic state and neighboring Finland were as similar as any two countries in modern Europe. Over the ensuing five decades, however, their economic and social differences grew so large that no informed person could honestly dispute the pernicious effect that communist rule had on occupied Estonia.

 PDFRead the Full Article (PDF, 2 pages)


Other Independent Review articles by Robert Higgs
    Summer 2017   Moderation in Response to Provocation Is No Vice
    Winter 2017   First, Do No Harm
    Fall 2016   Can the State Enforce Virtuous Behavior?
[View All (56)]







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