A five-time mayor of fin-de-siècle Vienna, Dr. Karl Leuger (1844–1910) was a pioneering populist who mixed nationalism, anti-Semitism, and socialism into a potent brew that drew the wrath of Emperor Franz Joseph and the admiration of a young Adolf Hitler. Although city officials have recently taken half-measures to obscure his former prominence, Lueger’s unacknowledged influence continues to this day.

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Other Independent Review articles by Andrei Znamenski
    Spring 2015   From “National Socialists” to “Nazi”
    Spring 2012   The “European Miracle”