Although he was not a full liberal in the modern sense, Mozi (c. 470–391 B.C.E.) espoused some classical-liberal principles long before Locke and Voltaire. Moreover, although his views often run counter to pervasive Confucian norms, his insights about equality before the law, the dangers of the predatory state, militarism, and a social order based on rational self-interest could serve as a reference point for building a liberal society in the new China.

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Other Independent Review articles by Evan Osborne
    Summer 2008   Commerce Is Beautiful
    Fall 2001   Financial Crashes in the Globalization Era