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Volume 13  Number 1  •  Summer 2008
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Álvaro Flórez Estrada: Compromised Liberalism in Nineteenth-Century Spain
By Carlos Rodríguez Braun
This article appeared in the Summer 2008 issue of The Independent Review

Spanish economist Álvaro Flórez Estrada (1766–1853) showed a brave commitment to civil and political liberties, but his opposition to private landownership undermined his case for liberalism. Like John Stuart Mill and Herbert Spencer, Estrada failed to realize that when the coercive power of politics is allowed to violate liberty in one domain, it invariably violates liberty in others.

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