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Volume 12  Number 4  •  Spring 2008
All Issues:  

Hugo Chávez Against the Backdrop of Venezuelan Economic and Political History
By Hugo J. Faria
This article appeared in the Spring 2008 issue of The Independent Review

The origins of Venezuela’s economic plight lie not in Chávez’s subversion of representative democracy and free markets, but in numerous socialistic and mercantilistic policies adopted gradually over several decades. Understanding the effects of those policies—including the country’s first nationalization of an industry in 1950—is the key to understanding the predicament of Venezuela under Chávez.

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