Alexis de Tocqueville is hailed almost universally as the supreme oracle of the modern age, but on nearly every essential point the nineteenth-century French writer has been proven wrong. While it’s easy to explain why Tocqueville was widely off target, it’s hard to understand why ideologically diverse contemporary commentators have been led astray.

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Other Independent Review articles by Daniel Choi
    Spring 2001   Sovereign Virtue
    Winter 1999   The Growth of the Liberal Soul