The Vulnerability of the Arab State
Reflections on the Ayubi Thesis
By Timur Kuran
Why have none of the twenty-two Arab countries participated in the worldwide move toward liberalization? In his important but frustrating book Over-Stating the Arab State, Nazih Ayubi argues that, paradoxically, some Arab states might move toward liberalizationif they were strong enough to overcome the political and cultural forces that favor authoritarianism.