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Volume 22  Number 2  •  Fall 2017
All Issues:  

The Black Swan of the Russian Revolution
By Paul R. Gregory
This article appeared in the Fall 2017 issue of The Independent Review

Like the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian Revolution caught almost everyone off guard. Contrary to Marxist-Leninist dogma, the Bolsheviks’ victory resulted not from communism’s alleged inevitability but rather from a series of coincidences and accidents that could have been otherwise.

Other Independent Review articles by Paul R. Gregory
    Spring 2018   One Day We Will Live without Fear
    Spring 2009   The Ship of Philosophers