Like the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian Revolution caught almost everyone off guard. Contrary to Marxist-Leninist dogma, the Bolsheviks’ victory resulted not from communism’s alleged inevitability but rather from a series of coincidences and accidents that could have been otherwise.


Other Independent Review articles by Paul R. Gregory
    Spring 2018   One Day We Will Live without Fear
    Spring 2009   The Ship of Philosophers