In the Shadow of Dr. Lueger: Vienna Notes of an Accidental Tourist
By Andrei Znamenski
This article appeared in the Summer 2013 issue of The Independent Review


A five-time mayor of fin-de-siècle Vienna, Dr. Karl Leuger (1844–1910) was a pioneering populist who mixed nationalism, anti-Semitism, and socialism into a potent brew that drew the wrath of Emperor Franz Joseph and the admiration of a young Adolf Hitler. Although city officials have recently taken half-measures to obscure his former prominence, Lueger’s unacknowledged influence continues to this day.

Other Independent Review articles by Andrei Znamenski
    Spring 2015   From “National Socialists” to “Nazi”: History, Politics, and the English Language
    Spring 2012   The “European Miracle”: Warrior Aristocrats, Spirit of Liberty, and Competition as a Discovery Process

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