Why Are There So Few Female Top Executives in Egalitarian Welfare States?
By Magnus Henrekson
Mikael Stenkula

This article appeared in the Fall 2009 issue of The Independent Review


Despite high rates of female participation in the workforce, women in top corporate positions are much rarer in egalitarian Scandinavian countries than in individualistic Anglo-Saxon countries. Scandinavia’s dearth of female CEOs is related to the region’s particular policies of parental leave, childcare, and personal taxation, and to the psychological dynamics of career success.

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