The Independent Review
(Quarterly Journal)
Policy Reports
The Lighthouse
(Email Newsletter)
Commentary Articles
News Releases
Audio and Visual Programs
The Independent
(Quarterly Newsletter)
Research Articles
Working Papers
Course Adoption Program


Facebook Facebook Facebook Facebook

Your participation will advance liberty. Join us as an Independent Institute member.

Contact Us
The Independent Institute
100 Swan Way
Oakland, CA 94621-1428

510-632-1366 Phone
510-568-6040 Fax
Send us email

Interested in working with us?  Click here for more information.

Bookmark and Share    

The Secret Ballot Protects the Incumbency Advantage
By Jac C. Heckelman
This article appeared in the Winter 2004 issue of The Independent Review


Prior to the adoption of the secret ballot, political parties could effectively offer money in return for votes. The secret ballot eliminated direct vote buying, but at the price of giving incumbents an electoral advantage.

Other Independent Review articles by Jac C. Heckelman
    Spring 2003   Now More Than Ever, Your Vote Doesn’t Matter: A Reconsideration

Volume 8 Number 3
Winter 2004

Subscribe Today

Buy Single Issues

Independent Review Issues

Articles by Subject

Independent Review Articles on Related Subjects

Home | About Us | Blogs | Issues | Newsroom | Multimedia | Events | Publications | Centers | Students | Store | Donate

Product Catalog | RSS | Jobs | Course Adoption | Links | Privacy Policy | Site Map
Facebook Facebook Facebook Facebook
Copyright 2015 The Independent Institute