The Secret Ballot Protects the Incumbency Advantage
By Jac C. Heckelman
This article appeared in the Winter 2004 issue of The Independent Review


Prior to the adoption of the secret ballot, political parties could effectively offer money in return for votes. The secret ballot eliminated direct vote buying, but at the price of giving incumbents an electoral advantage.

Other Independent Review articles by Jac C. Heckelman
    Spring 2003   Now More Than Ever, Your Vote Doesn’t Matter: A Reconsideration

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