Prior to the adoption of the secret ballot, political parties could effectively offer money in return for votes. The secret ballot eliminated direct vote buying, but at the price of giving incumbents an electoral advantage.
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|Other Independent Review articles by Jac C. Heckelman|
|Spring 2017||Companion to the Political Economy of Rent Seeking|
|Spring 2003||Now More Than Ever, Your Vote Doesnt Matter: A Reconsideration|