From Smith to Menger to Hayek: Liberalism in the Spontaneous-Order Tradition
By Steven G. Horwitz
This article appeared in the Summer 2001 issue of The Independent Review

Both the left and the right have recently attacked the classical liberals for their assumptions of “hyperrationalism” and “extreme atomism.” Those criticisms fall flat when directed at the classical liberals of the Scottish Enlightenment tradition, who argued that many useful human institutions (including language and the market) are not the result of conscious design but are unintended consequences of social interaction.





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