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Volume 18, Issue 14: April 5, 2016
- The Second Amendment versus Merrick Garland
- Californias Latest Assault on Low-Skilled Job Seekers
- Rise of Trump and Sanders Worries Europe and Latin America
- Tibor Machan: Passionate Advocate of Liberty
- New Blog Posts
- Selected News Alerts
1) The Second Amendment versus Merrick Garland
Judge Merrick Garland, President Obamas nominee to fill the vacancy on the U.S. Supreme Court, is no friend of the Second Amendment. If the Senate were to confirm his nomination, he could become the deciding vote that weakens the individual right to bear arms, according to Independent Institute Research Fellow Stephen P. Halbrook, the author of numerous works on the Second Amendment and an attorney who has argued and won three gun-rights cases before the Supreme Court.
Garland has left behind more than one piece of evidence indicating bias against constitutional firearm ownership, but the smoking gun is the vote he cast to rehear Parker v. the District of Columbia (2007), a case that struck down a handgun ban in the nations capital and upheld the notion that the Second Amendment protects an individual right to own firearms, rather than the collective right of states to maintain armed militias. The only obvious reason to vote in favor [of rehearing Parker] would be to overturn the decision, Halbrook writes.
When the Supreme Court heard the caserenamed District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)it decided to strike down D.C.s handgun ban on Second Amendment grounds. The Courts 5-4 decision was controversial, and the Justices who dissented have called for its overturnwhich could happen if Garland were confirmed. Based on Judge Garlands record in the D.C. Circuit, Halbrook continues, it should be clear that his elevation to the Supreme Court would create a Court majority that could not be expected to support the Second Amendment and that would uphold gun restrictions of all kinds.
Justice Garland and the Second Amendment, by Stephen P. Halbrook (The Washington Times, 3/29/16)
The Founders Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms, by Stephen P. Halbrook
Securing Civil Rights: Freedmen, the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Right to Bear Arms, by Stephen P. Halbrook
That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, by Stephen P. Halbrook
Gun Control in the Third Reich: Disarming the Jews and Enemies of the State, by Stephen P. Halbrook
2) Californias Latest Assault on Low-Skilled Job Seekers
California Governor Jerry Brown has just signed legislation raising the states minimum wage to $15 per hour by 2023supposedly to reverse the harm done by decades of wage stagnation.
As a consequence, much of the desired help for the poor will actually come from others who are poor, writes Independent Institute Research Fellow Gary M. Galles. And those with the fewest skills, least education and job experience will face the greatest employment losses now, as well as having rungs of advancement removed from their potential career ladders.
Raising the minimum wage is so destructive to the labor-market prospects of unemployed, low-skilled workers that we are required to write frequently on this topic, despite the inevitable redundancy. Stay tuned for further commentary on the economics and ethics of minimum-wage madness.
Helping the Poor by Hurting Them, by Gary M. Galles (Ventura County Star, 4/2/16)
Walmart Stores to CloseBlame the Minimum Wage, by Abigail R. Hall Blanco (Oakland Tribune, 4/14/16)
The Two Moralities of the Minimum Wage, by Dwight R. Lee (The Independent Review, Summer 2014)
3) Rise of Trump and Sanders Worries Europe and Latin America
Americas pundit class has spilled much inkand the digital equivalentdebating the appeal of Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders. Even categorizing them has become a topic of conversation. Chuck Todd, moderator of NBC TVs venerable Meet the Press political talk show, refers to the populist streaks of the two campaignssuggesting connections with the American tradition. Commentators in Europe and Latin America, however, hear the word populism and bristle. They worry that American populism may become just as toxic as the strains that have given them so much grief, explains Independent Institute Senior Fellow Alvaro Vargas Llosa.
They base [their concerns] particularly on Trumps diatribes against immigration and international trade, as well as his general demeanor and language, Vargas Llosa writes. But they also base it on Sanderss class-based redistributionist message.
Many Americans view the rise of Trump and Sanders merely as healthy skepticism toward elitismincluding the presumption that the leadership of the Republican and Democratic parties know whats best for the rank and file. Latin Americans and Europeans, in contrast, see Americas new populism and worry that it reflects the same illiberal forces they have experienced or are now experiencing themselves, Vargas Llosa continues. Which is why in some countries there is shock, disbelief and, increasingly, fear about the American election. Perhaps our friends overseas know something we dont.
American Populism Seen from the Outside, by Alvaro Vargas Llosa (The Daily Caller, 3/28/16)
Global Crossings: Immigration, Civilization, and America, by Alvaro Vargas Llosa
Liberty for Latin America: How to Undo Five Hundred Years of State Oppression, by Alvaro Vargas Llosa
4) Tibor Machan: Passionate Advocate of Liberty
Tibor R. Machan (19392016) was one of the most prolific writers to champion freedom. A philosopher with dozens of books to his nameand who-knows-how-many journal articles and even more op-edshe was also one of libertys most passionate advocates, as anyone who ever talked with him about politics or philosophy can attest. His personal history may have had something to do with it: He was born in Hungary and witnessed firsthand the oppression of life under communismuntil age 14, when his father had him smuggled out of the country. As an exponent of free will, however, Machan might have rejected this thesis, on the grounds that it suggests some kind of philosophical determinism. Or perhaps he would not have. No matter. What matters most now is that we remember his productivity and persistenceand many of the principles for which he fought.
And their relevance. His 1995 book for Independent Institute, Private Rights & Public Illusions (A work at once passionate and brimming with critical intelligence.Nicholas Rescher), illustrates the powerful role that philosophical principlesgood ones and bad ones alikeplay in debates about government policy. Here Machan treats pollution regulations, labor policies, advertising law, workplace safety regulations, and the welfare state not as isolated cases, each possessing unique requirements for proper analysis, but rather as examples of a single theme: how what were once widely viewed as private matters are now considered (wrongly in his view) the rightful province of voters, elected officials, and unelected government bureaucrats.
The ability to see political/cultural change in such fundamental terms is rareas recent presidential debates have sadly illustrated. I wish to contribute to the rejuvenation of normative political thought and public policy, Machan wrote in the books introduction. Surely its not asking too much that we reflect on the prodigious efforts of an émigré from communist Hungary who sought to restore America by fighting philosophically and tirelessly for liberty.
Private Rights & Public Illusions, by Tibor R. Machan
Video: Why Freedom? Featuring Tibor R. Machan and Jan Narveson. Introduction by David J. Theroux (Independent Policy Forum, March 31, 1999)
Edited Transcript: Why Freedom? Featuring Tibor R. Machan and Jan Narveson. Introduction by David J. Theroux (Independent Policy Forum, March 31, 1999)
Also see: C. S. Lewis on Mere Liberty and the Evils of Statism, by David J. Theroux (Culture and Civilization, 8/23/10)
5) New Blog Posts
From The Beacon:
From MyGovCost News & Blog:
You can find the Independent Institute's Spanish-language website here and blog here.
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6) Selected News Alerts
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