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Research Articles

These articles, written by Independent Institute Research Fellows, were originally published in other publications, and are republished here. For other research articles, please see our Policy Reports, Working Papers, and The Independent Review.

The Failure of Utilitarian Ethics in Political Economy
Paul A. Cleveland | September 1, 2002

FDR: The Man, the Leader, the Legacy
Ralph Raico | April 1, 2001

Fear: The Foundation of Every Government’s Power
Robert Higgs | May 17, 2005

Federal Government Growth Before the New Deal
Randall G. Holcombe | September 1, 1997

Firearm Sound Moderators: Issues of Criminalization and the Second Amendment
Stephen P. Halbrook | June 26, 2017

Foreword to The Civilian and the Military, by Arthur A. Ekirch, Jr.
A History of the American Antimilitarist Tradition

Ralph Raico | April 4, 2011

Foreword to the First Edition of Beyond Politics
Gordon Tullock | October 28, 2011

Freedom, Inequality, Primitivism, and the Division of Labor
Murray N. Rothbard | April 23, 2018

From the Armistice to the Great Depression
Robert Higgs | December 1, 2006

From Central Planning to the Market
The American Transition, 1945-1947

Robert Higgs | September 1, 1999

The Ghost of John D. Rockefeller
Thomas J. DiLorenzo | June 1, 1998

Gold Policy in the 1930s
Mark Thornton, Richard H. Timberlake, Jr., Thomas J. Thompson | May 1, 1999

The Golden Age of Risk
Bruce Yandle | December 1, 1998

The Gospel According to Conservation Biology
Robert H. Nelson | June 1, 2007

Government: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
Paul A. Cleveland | September 1, 1997

The Greatest Privatization Ever
Robert Higgs | June 1, 2004

The Green Scare
Roger E. Meiners | May 1, 1999

Guilty as Charged
George A. Selgin | November 7, 2008

Hard Coals Make Bad Law: Congressional Parochialism Versus National Defense
Robert Higgs | March 1, 1988

The Healthcare Contract with America
John C. Goodman, Peter J. Ferrara, J.D. | July 7, 2012

Heller, the Second Amendment, and Reconstruction: Protecting All Freedmen or Only Militiamen?
Stephen P. Halbrook | May 1, 2010

High Plains Drifters
Politicians’ Lucrative Protection Racket

Fred S. McChesney | January 1, 1998

High-Tech Prophet Sees Chips Driving Economy’s Expansion
Arthur M. Louis | February 25, 1994

Homeland Security: Learning from Japan
Edward A. Olsen | November 18, 2004

How the Federal Government Got into the Ocean-Shipping Business
Robert Higgs | November 1, 2003

How War Amplified Federal Power in the Twentieth Century
Robert Higgs | July 1, 1999

How the Western Cattlemen Created Property Rights
Robert Higgs | March 1, 2005

Human Ignorance and Social Engineering
Wendy McElroy | May 1, 1998

If Men Were Angels
The Basic Analytics of the State versus Self-government

Robert Higgs | June 11, 2007

In Defense of Markets and Misers
Dwight R. Lee, Candace Allen | April 1, 1998

In the Name of Emergency
Robert Higgs | October 17, 2001

Income-Expenditure Elasticities of Less-Healthy Consumption Goods
William F. Shughart II, Adam J. Hoffer, Michael D. Thomas, Rejeana Gvillo | March 29, 2017

Inflation and the Destruction of the Free Market Economy
Robert Higgs | April 1, 1979

Is There a Basis for Global Warming Alarm?
Richard S. Lindzen | October 21, 2005

Jefferson and the Scottish Enlightenment: A Critique of Garry Wills’s Inventing America: Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence
Ronald Hamowy | October 1, 1979

Keeping It Simple
The Value of an Irreducibly Simple Climate Model

David R. Legates, William M. Briggs, Christopher Monckton, Wei-Hock "Willie" Soon | August 6, 2015

Knowledge and Naturalism
Dallas A. Willard | May 18, 2006

Law, Custom, and the Commons
Randy T Simmons | February 1, 1997

Legally Induced Technical Regress in the Washington Salmon Fishery
Robert Higgs | June 30, 1982

Ludwig von Mises’ Legacy for Feminists
Wendy McElroy | September 1, 1997