Unbelievably, former Vice President Dick Cheney, after being wrong on every foreign policy issue for more than a decade, has again crawled out of his Wyoming cave and begun outrageously sniping at Barack Obamas performance in foreign policy. Although certainly no fan of Obamas overall performance as president (in the second edition of my book Recarving Rushmore: Ranking the Presidents on Peace, Prosperity, and Liberty, due out in the fall, I rank Obama as one of the worst presidents in U.S. history), he is still cleaning up after George W. Bush in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other places (in the book, the Bush the Younger gets an even worse score than Obama). In fact, Obamas foreign policy, despite all of the recent criticism, is really the only shining light in an otherwise dismal presidency. So far, he has the best foreign policy record since Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter. Although those two chief executives managed to stay out of most foreign imbroglios, Obama has stayed out of some and managed to limit U.S. involvement in others.
Vice President Cheney urged Obama on in Iraq while calling Rand Paul an isolationist. Like John McCain, Lindsey Graham, and Bill Kristol, Cheney believes that if you are not looking for new wars to fight and countries to bomb, you are weak or an isolationist. All of these jingoists are taking advantage of hysteria in the American media over the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) groups gains in Iraq to warn of a new terrorist haven in Iraq, which allegedly could bring attackers again to Americas shores.
However, Obama correctly pointed out that ruthless organizations, such as ISIS, usually face a backlash among even in their own ethnosectarian group. The roots of ISIS go back to the creation of Al Qaeda in Iraq as a response to George W. Bushs unnecessary invasion and occupation of the country. And Gen. David Petraeus helped bail Bush out in Iraq by taking advantage of al Qaedas brutality to turn more moderate Sunnis against the group, thus lowering the violence until U.S. forces could extricate themselves from that nation. The bribes that Petraeus passed out to these moderate Sunnis didnt hurt either. And in the latest unpleasantness, Petraeus seems to be siding with Obama against Cheney and the hawks by saying that any U.S. military action should be contingent on the Iraqi Shii government including other groups. Otherwise, Petraeus implied, the United States will just be taking sides in another of Iraqs ethnosectarian civil wars.
Yet in fractious Iraq, especially with such internecine conflict having occurred from 2006 to 2008, a more inclusive government practicing real power sharing is an illusion. This reality means it is foolish for the United States to sink back into active involvement a civil war that merely went into the shadows for a time.
Despite the hysteria, ISIS may very well be stopped in Baghdad and will likely be rebuffed in Iraqs Shii south, because it will have far less public support than in Sunni areas that have been oppressed by Nuri al-Malikis Shii government. Also, Shii militias were effective fighters in resisting U.S. forces during their occupation of Iraq.
Thus, Iraq probably will become partitioned by war, much as Syria has been. The Shia will have the south, the Sunnis the northwest and west, and the Kurds already have a tranquil fortress in the northeast, guarded by capable Pesh Merga militias. In fact, although the West heavily criticized Vladimir Putin of Russia for taking Crimea, not a peep of criticism erupted when the Kurds recently grabbed the oil-rich city of Kirkuk and added it to their region.
So ISIS may indeed get to govern part of Iraq and part of Syria (since the government of Bashar al-Assad and other Sunni insurgent groups arent strong enough to throw them out). Yet if the United States stops interfering in Iraq, it likely will not be in the groups bulls eye. By unneeded military interventions, the U.S. has created new Islamist enemies in Pakistan, Somalia, Libya, and Yemen and then strengthened them by acting as a recruiting poster for jihadist fighters and funding to throw out the evil foreigners. And lets not forget why Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda began attacking the United States in the first place -- the U.S. military presence on the Muslim holy land of Saudi Arabia. More generally, non-Muslim interventions in Muslim lands set jihadists aflame, for example in Palestine, Chechnya, and Afghanistan (both Soviet and American invasions), to mention only a few countries. And after the United States withdrew from its military intervention in Lebanon in the 1980s, attacks by the radical group Hezbollah against U.S. targets dissipated. Terrorism and guerrilla warfare are usually caused by a grievance and do not stop until the grievance is removed.
It is difficult for jingoists to recognize, let alone admit, that the United States could very well be exacerbating the spread of radical Islamist terrorism. Even if they cant admit this very apparent truth, some more thoughtful conservatives do take note of the failure of recent U.S. interventions in Libya, Afghanistan, and Iraq. To think more of the same in Iraq will have a different result, Einstein would have defined as crazy.
|Ivan Eland is Senior Fellow and Director of the Center on Peace & Liberty at The Independent Institute. Dr. Eland is a graduate of Iowa State University and received an M.B.A. in applied economics and Ph.D. in national security policy from George Washington University. He has been Director of Defense Policy Studies at the Cato Institute, and he spent 15 years working for Congress on national security issues, including stints as an investigator for the House Foreign Affairs Committee and Principal Defense Analyst at the Congressional Budget Office. He is author of the books Partitioning for Peace: An Exit Strategy for Iraq, and Recarving Rushmore.|
RECARVING RUSHMORE (UPDATED EDITION): Ranking the Presidents on Peace, Prosperity, and Liberty
Taking a distinctly new approach, Ivan Eland profiles each U.S. president from Washington to Obama on the merits of his policies and whether those strategies contributed to peace, prosperity, and liberty. This ranking system is based on how effective each president was in fulfilling his oath to uphold the Constitution.