Imagine for a moment that you own an upscale restaurantone that offers vintage wines, fine cuts of beef and exotic seafood. But night after night, patrons are leaving before paying their bills. Indeed, so many guests are now stiffing your restaurant that you face a financial crisis.
Your other patrons are a mixed blessing. Although theyre extremely receptive to your waiters suggestionspurchasing the most expensive bottles of wine, ordering filet mignon instead of flank steak and always sticking around for dessert and coffeethey pick up only around one-eighth of their tab. The rest of the check is covered by one of several food insurance companies. (Bear with me here.) But to get paid by the insurers, you must spend endless hours filling out paperwork.
You also waste a lot of time deciphering the confusing reimbursement policies of the insurance companies. Merlot and cabernet sauvignon, for example, are covered without question, but if a patron orders pinot noir without first trying the shiraz, many insurance companies wont pay the bill unless you can justify the patrons selection.
Worse yet, even the insurance companies rarely cover the entire cost. Time and again, they refuse to pay the full amount, claiming your menu is overpriced. Which it isbut thats largely because so many of your customers dont pay.
You might be able to solve this problem if you refused to serve those nonpaying customers who lack food insurance. But that would be illegal. The government requires restaurants to seat all people who walk in the door and to serve them a mealregardless of whether they can pay for it. As a result, your restaurant loses more and more money each night.
Youre angry about the uninsured, because many of them could have afforded to pay for their own meals, particularly if theyd purchased groceries at the supermarket instead of dining out. So, together with other restaurant owners and food insurers, youre working to convince your lawmakers to pass a bill requiring mandatory food insurance. Surely a citizen who has the means to buy food but chooses to get it free is acting irresponsibly.
Crazy? Of course. But not if you substitute health care for food.
This view of Americas health-care system has led a number of pundits and politicians to advocate mandatory health insurance. Massachusetts has made national headlines because it is about to institute that exact policy.
Other states are sure to follow. In California, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has already announced that health-care reform will be the cornerstone of next years agenda. And most expect his plan to mirror the one in Massachusetts.
But mandatory health insurance is a step in the wrong direction.
First, its wrong to believe the uninsured are willfully irresponsible. Last year in Massachusetts, for example, only 6 percent of uncompensated health care went to families with reported incomes greater than 200 percent of the federal poverty level. A full 42 percent of care went to individuals reporting no income.
Further, high-income people without insurance are voluntarily penalizing themselves by paying more taxes than they need totax revenue that the government can use however it wants, including paying for uncompensated hospital care.
And in any event, those who do not want to be insured, whatever their income, will find a way around the mandate. Just look at automobile insurance: Even though it is mandatory in all but three states, one in seven drivers on our roads remains uninsured.
Finally, the nation would be better served if Americas lawmakers stopping piling more regulations onto a system thats already absurdly overregulated. Far better to deregulate health insurance and hospitals than to force us into a system that doesnt serve our needs. Then we could shop for the precise care we need, which would improve quality while lowering costs.
After all, mandatory food insurance might provide everyone with sustenance for a while. But eventually, wed all be worse off. No one would learn to grocery shop or cook. And the entire nation would eat out for every single mealbreakfast, lunch, dinneruntil we all went broke.
Health insurance is no different. The system needs more choice, not more coercion.
|John R. Graham is Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute.|