In the wealthy American society, we have the luxury and freedom to value strange things. So be it. Few indicators of what the society values are more telling than whom we mourn when they die. Recently, the deaths of singer Michael Jackson, the actor Patrick Swayze, and Sen. Ted Kennedy have captured much media attention.
Although not taking anything away from the entertainers Jackson and Swayze, their accomplishments did not alter U.S. or world history very much. The attention paid to Ted Kennedys death is more understandable. Given the label by the media of being the most effective senator in history, because of the mountain of legislation he guided through Congress, he certainly had an impact on U.S. historyalthough whether or not it was positive depends on your political persuasion. My hunch, however, is that his death got so much media attention because he was the last political participant of the glamorous Kennedy generation that contained president John F. Kennedy and attorney general and presidential candidate Bobby Kennedy. In the American media, glamour wins out over substance, even when the person was substantiveas in Ted Kennedys case.
Throughout American history, the media has tended to glamourize entertainers, politicians, and, yes, warriors. Glamourized warriors have been elected president many timesfor example, Andrew Jackson, William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Ulysses Grant, Teddy Roosevelt, and Dwight Eisenhower. Other conquering generals have achieved the American version of knighthoodfor example, George Patton, Stormin Norman Schwarzkopf, and now David Petraeus.
In world history, we seem to most remember the great kings, emperors, and leaders who either slaughtered millions of people directly or started wars that resulted in the samefor example, Mao Zedong, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Napoleon Bonaparte, Julius Caesar, and Alexander the Great.
Even our great heroes have blood on their hands. Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves, but he provoked the most horrendous war in U.S. history, which killed more than 600,000 Americans. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry Truman beat back the heinous Nazi, Imperial Japanese, and Italian fascist regimes, but they killed 800,000 Germans and Japanese in massive bombing that was designed to terrorize civilians.
Even the Nobel Peace Prize has been handed out to some pretty belligerent charactersTeddy Roosevelt and Henry Kissinger. But occasionally the Nobel committee hits a home run. And perhaps we should spend some time mourning an obscure recipient of that prize who just died and who will receive far too little media attention. This mans work was probably too complex, arcane, and unsexy to get him enough notice in the mediain life or death. But the effects of his work were earthshaking in human history. He saved more than a billion peoples lives. His name was Norman Borlaug. Who?
Borlaug was a plant scientist who started the Green Revolution by developing hybrid plants that could dramatically increase the yield of wheat and rice crops. These high-yield crops allowed poor countriessuch as Mexico, India, and Chinato feed their swelling populations, thus avoiding impending famine. As the Nobel Committee said when giving Borlaug the 1970 Peace Prize, More than any other single person of this age, he has helped provide bread for a hungry world. We have made this choice in the hope that providing bread will also give the world peace.
Borlaug, a humble man originally from Iowa, was not flashy, flamboyant, or outspoken. His passing does not receive the intense media attention of Michael Jacksons or Ted Kennedys, but he had a much greater effect on the 20th century and human history than either of them. And his impact was overwhelmingly positivenot much of a media story, I guess.
|Ivan Eland is Senior Fellow and Director of the Center on Peace & Liberty at the Independent Institute. Dr. Eland is a graduate of Iowa State University and received an M.B.A. in applied economics and Ph.D. in national security policy from George Washington University. He spent 15 years working for Congress on national security issues, including stints as an investigator for the House Foreign Affairs Committee and Principal Defense Analyst at the Congressional Budget Office.|
RECARVING RUSHMORE (UPDATED EDITION): Ranking the Presidents on Peace, Prosperity, and Liberty
Taking a distinctly new approach, Ivan Eland profiles each U.S. president from Washington to Obama on the merits of his policies and whether those strategies contributed to peace, prosperity, and liberty. This ranking system is based on how effective each president was in fulfilling his oath to uphold the Constitution.