Across the country, politicians are responding to the inability of a population devastated by government-induced recession to support governments spending at levels they have grown accustomed to by threatening the closure of schools, firehouses, and other high-profile, highly-valued government services. I have opined elsewhere on the reasons that such high-profile programsrather than the thousands of highly-paid bureaucrats whose functions are absolutely inessentialare identified first for cutting as the means to cut spending. Suffice it to repeat that such extortion has worked before and politicians can only hope it will continue to allow them to line their pockets at the expense of people who actually earn their money.
Tomorrow California is holding a special election with various propositions on the ballot promising budget fixes for the schools. Like every tax and borrowing provision before them, these tax increases wont fix the schools. In fact, despite widely disparate policy recommendations, virtually every non-government education researcher, from Stanford University to the Heritage Foundation, agrees that money is not the problem: in sum, government education is Just Plain Dysfunctional.
So why does the idea of a public school education, so clearly oxymoronic, remain such a sacred cow? Every argument used throughout history for the establishment of State-sponsored education has been rooted in ideology: the utopian ideal of creating the good citizen, from Francis Bacon:
And it is without all controversy that learning doth make the minds of men gentle, generous, malleable and pliant to government; whereas, ignorance makes them churlish, thwart, and mutinous.
To Karl Marx:
The communists have not invented the intervention of society in education; they do but seek to alter the characteristic of that intervention and to rescue education from the influence of the ruling class.
None, historically, was based in an actual or perceived lack of educational opportunities in the absence of government-provided schools. Yet today it is widely assumed that if the government didnt provide schools the poor wouldnt have any, and that government schools are bad because they dont have enough money.
In fact, government spending on K12 public education in America is at an all-time high. The national average current expenditure per student is around $10,418. Real spending per student has increased by 23.5 percent over the past decade and by 49 percent over the past 20 years. Meanwhile, test scores and graduation rates have remained low and flat, and the gap between whites and non-whites has remained wide and essentially unchanged.
If the government cant teach reading and writing and rithmetic for $10,000 per year per student, why would anyone want them to have more? Isnt it time to just cut off government funding of education, eliminate the taxes supposedly collected for education altogether, and let the resources freed up be deployed far more effectively and creatively? Teachers and/or parents could privatize their schools (see our Can Teachers Own their Own Schools?), and the market and private associations could and would otherwise create myriad alternatives just as phone companies freed from the Ma Bell monopoly have put a cell phone with functionality unimaginable 20 years ago into the hands of every 13 year old in the country.
As Adam Smith knew, freed from a public school monopoly, people would soon find better teachers for themselves than any the state could find for them.
(Published in Spanish)
|Mary L. G. Theroux is Senior Vice President of the Independent Institute. Having received her A.B. in economics from Stanford University, Ms. Theroux is Managing Director of Lightning Ventures, L.P., a San Francisco Bay Area investment firm, and Vice President of the C.S. Lewis Society of California.|