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Open Letter

An Open Letter to President Clinton on Healthcare Reform


     
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Dear Mr. President:

Price controls produce shortages, black markets and reduced quality. This has been the universal experience in the 4,000 years that governments have tried to artificially hold prices down using regulations.

You insist that your health care plan avoids price controls. We respectfully disagree. Your plan sets the fees charged by doctors and hospitals, caps annual spending on health care, limits insurance premiums, and imposes price limitations on new and existing drugs.

In countries that have imposed these types of regulations, patients face delays of months and years for surgery, government bureaucrats decide treatment options instead of doctors or patients, and innovations in medical techniques and pharmaceuticals are dramatically reduced. Here in America, the threat of price controls on medicines has already decreased research and development at drug companies, which will lead to reduced discoveries and the loss of life in the future.

In the 1970s, government tried to regulate the price of a simple homogeneous produce, gasoline. The result was a social and economic disaster. People were forced to waste hours waiting in lines to purchase gasoline. Long waits for surgery and other medical care will have far more serious consequences.

Caps, fee schedules and other government regulations may appear to reduce medical spending, but such gains are illusory. We will instead end up with lower-quality medical care, reduced medical innovation, and expensive new bureaucracies to monitor compliance. These controls will hurt people, and they will damage the economy. We urge you to remove price controls, in any form, from your health care plan.

  • Burton Abrams, University of Delaware
  • Douglas K. Adie, Ohio University
  • Armen A. Alchian, UCLA
  • Lawrence Alexander, University of San Diego
  • Michael Alexeev, Indiana University
  • Wayne Allen, Delta State University
  • William B. Allen, Michigan State University
  • William R. Allen, UCLA
  • Ogden O. Allsbrook, University of Georgia
  • Lee J. Alston, University of Illinois
  • Sheila A. G. de Pineres, University of Arkansas
  • Robert V. Andelson, Auburn University
  • A. Janell Anderson, Calfornia State University, Sacramento
  • Gary M. Anderson, California State University, Northridge
  • Martin C. Anderson, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • Terry L. Anderson, Montana State University
  • John J. Antel, University of Houston
  • Peter H. Aranson, Emory University
  • Dominick T. Armentano, University of Hartford
  • N. Scott Arnold, University of Alabama, Birmingham
  • Sara Baase, San Diego State University
  • John A. Baden, University of Washington
  • Martin J. Bailey, Emory University
  • Charles W. Baird, California State University, Hayward
  • Robert N. Baird, Case Western Reserve University
  • Charles D. Baker, Sr., Northeastern University
  • Samuel H. Baker, College of William & Mary
  • Ray Ball, University of Rochester
  • Badi Baltagi, Texas A & M University
  • Jack P. Barlow, Sr., Huntington College
  • Howard W. Barnes, Brigham Young University
  • William Barnett, II, Loyola University
  • Frank M. Bass, University of Texas, Dallas
  • R. Robert Batemarco, Manhattan College
  • Donald N. Baum, University of Nebraska
  • Michael Bauman, Hillsdale College
  • Michael R. Baye, Pennsylvania State University
  • Richard Bean, University of Houston
  • James P. Beckwith, Jr., North Carolina Central University
  • Arleigh T. Bell, Jr., Loyola College
  • Don Bellante, University of South Florida
  • Herman Belz, University of Maryland
  • John J. Berlune, Bellarmine College
  • Ernst R. Berndt, M.I.T.
  • Albert Blaustein, Rutgers University
  • Jan H. Blits, University of Delaware
  • Michael K. Block, University of Arizona
  • Walter E. Block, College of the Holy Cross
  • Dwight M. Blood, Brigham Young University
  • Elliott Bloom, Stanford University
  • Germaine Boer, Vanderbilt University
  • Peter J. Boettke, New York University
  • James E. Bond, University of Puget Sound
  • Thomas Borcherding, Claremont Graduate School
  • David J. Bordua, University of Illinois
  • George H. Borts, Brown University
  • Michael J. Boskin, Stanford University
  • Samuel Bostaph, University of Dallas
  • Donald Boudreaux, Clemson University
  • Wayne E. Boyet, Nicholls State University
  • Robert L. Bradley, Jr., Institute for Energy Research
  • Dwight D. Brautigan, Huntington College
  • Charles H. Breeden, Marquette University
  • Dennis Brennen, Harper College
  • Janice Boucher Breuer, University of South Carolina
  • R. Randall Bridwell, University of South Carolina
  • Stephen G. Bronars, University of Texas, Austin
  • Martin Bronfenbrenner, Duke University
  • Ralph J. Brown, University of South Dakota
  • Edgar Browning, Texas A & M University
  • Barry P. Brownstein, University of Baltimore
  • David B. Broyles, Wake Forest University
  • Yale Brozen, University of Chicago
  • William R. Bryan, University of Illinois
  • M. Northrup Buechner, St. John's University
  • Robert L. Bunting, Macalester College
  • Henry Butler, University of Kansas
  • Richard J. Butler, Brigham Young University
  • Phillip Cagan, Columbia University
  • Bruce J. Caldwell, University of North Carolina
  • John E. Calfee, Brookings Institution
  • Ronda Cameron, Emory University
  • Colin Campbell, Dartmouth College
  • Nicholas Capaldi, University of Tulsa
  • Thomas F. Cargill, University of Nevada
  • Ro Carlsson, Case Western Reserve University
  • John Carroll, San Diego State University
  • John Carter, III, University of Delaware
  • W. Fred Chapman, Presbyterian College
  • Henry W. Chappell, Jr., University of South Carolina
  • Keith W. Chavin, University of Kansas
  • Wen-Yu Cheng, Marietta College
  • Kenneth W. Chilton, Washington University
  • Betty Chin, San Jose State University
  • Barry P. Chiswick, University of Illinois, Chicago
  • Nan-Ting Chou, University of Louisville
  • Harold Christensen, Centenary College of Louisiana
  • David K. W. Chu, College of the Holy Cross
  • Henry C. Clark, III, Canisius College
  • William M. Clark, University of Oklahoma
  • Kenneth W. Clarkson, University of Miami
  • R. Morris Coats, Nicholls State University
  • Richard B. Coffman, University of Idaho
  • Mark Cohen, Vanderbilt University
  • Eichmann Cohn, University of South Carolina
  • John Conant, Indiana State University
  • Lee Congdon, James Madison University
  • Roger Congleton, George Mason University
  • Paul A. Coomes, University of Louisville
  • Roy E. Cordato, University of Hartford
  • Thomas Cosimano, University of Notre Dame
  • John Coupe, University of Maine
  • Tyler Cowen, George Mason University
  • Donald Cox, Boston College
  • Steve Craig, University of Houston
  • W. Mark Crain, George Mason University
  • Robert W. Crandall, Brookings Institution
  • Thomas D. Craven, York College of Pennsylvania
  • Robert G. Crawford, Brigham Young University
  • Robert L. Cunningham, University of San Francisco
  • John W. Danford, Loyola University
  • Karen P. Danford, Loyola University
  • Coldwell Daniel, III, Memphis State University
  • Kermit Daniel, University of Pennsylvania
  • Albert L. Danielson, University of Georgia
  • Patricia L. Danzon, University of Pennsylvania
  • Jerry W. Dauterive, Loyola University
  • Audrey B. Davidson, University of Louisville
  • Michael Davis, Southern Methodist University
  • Ted E. Day, University of Texas, Dallas
  • Louis De Alessi, University of Miami
  • Donald Deere, Texas A & M University
  • Richard A. Defusco, University of Nebraska
  • Gregory Delemeester, Marietta College
  • Henry Demmert, Santa Clara University
  • Harold Demsetz, UCLA
  • Christopher DeMuth, American Enterprise Institute
  • Douglas J. Den Uyl, Bellarmine College
  • Arthur DeVany, University of California, Irvine
  • Thomas J. Di Lorenzo, Loyola College of Maryland
  • Dimitrios Diamantras, Temple University
  • Arthur M. Diamond, Jr., University of Nebraska
  • Charles Diamond, University of Louisville
  • Andrew R. Dick, UCLA
  • Darryl Dobbs, Marquette University
  • James F. Dolmas, Southern Methodist University
  • George W. Douglas, Douglas & Company
  • William M. Doyle, Jr., University of Dallas
  • William C. Dunkelberg, Temple University
  • Dean S. Dutton, Brigham Young University
  • Gerald P. Dwyer, Jr., University of Houston
  • Thomas R. Dye, Florida State University
  • Robert Eden, Hillsdale College
  • Robert Ekelund, Auburn University
  • Evel Elliott, University of Texas, Dallas
  • Ward Elliott, Claremont McKenna College
  • John M. Ellis, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Kenneth Elzinga, University of Virginia
  • David Emanuel, University of Texas, Dallas
  • Thomas S. Engeman, Loyola University
  • Eric M. Engen, UCLA
  • Alain Enthoven, Stanford University
  • T. W. Epps, University of Virginia
  • Edward W. Erickson, North Carolina State University
  • Edward J. Erler, California State University, San Bernadino
  • Paul Evans, Ohio State University
  • Williamson M. Evers, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • Roger Faith, Arizona State University
  • Melissa Famulari, University of Texas
  • David I. Fand, George Mason University
  • David J. Faulds, University of Louisville
  • David H. Feldman, College of William & Mary
  • Paul J. Feldstein, University of California, Irvine
  • Richard L. Feltner, Bellarmine College
  • Marianne V. Felton, Indiana University
  • Richard D. Ferrier, Thomas Aquinas College
  • Harold Flint, Montclair State College
  • Dudley E. Foster, Jr., Los Angeles Community College
  • E. M. Foster, University of Wisconsin
  • William E. Foster, North Carolina State University
  • Marvin Frankel, University of Illinois
  • William J. Frazer, University of Florida
  • Kenneth R. French, University of Chicago
  • Milton Friedman, Nobel Laureate, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • Rose Friedman
  • Luke Froeb, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph Fuhrig, Golden Gate University
  • Lowell W. Gallaway, Ohio University
  • Gary M. Galles, Pepperdine University
  • B. Delworth Gardner, Brigham Young University
  • James F. Gatti, University of Vermont
  • David E. R. Gay, University of Arkansas
  • R. Richard Geddes, Fordham University
  • Martin S. Geisel, Vanderbilt University
  • John Geppert, University of Nebraska
  • William D. Gerdes, North Dakota State University
  • Thomas J. Gergel, State University of New York
  • Joseph A. Giacalone, St. John's University
  • Ann B. Gillette, Indiana University
  • Micha Gisser, University of New Mexico
  • Fred R. Glahe, University of Colorado
  • Thomas A. Gleeson, Florida State University
  • Frederick Goddard, University of Florida
  • Stephen F. Gohmann, University of Louisville
  • Fred Goldman, New School of Social Research
  • Scott Goldsmith, University of Alaska
  • Jack A. Goldstone, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences
  • Ernest J. Goodman, State University of New York, Oneonta
  • John C. Goodman, National Center for Policy Analysis
  • David B. Gordon, Clemson University
  • Linda Gottfredson, University of Delaware
  • Lino A. Graglia, University of Texas
  • Stuart I. Greenbaum, Morthwestern University
  • Kenneth V. Greene, State University of New York, Binghamton
  • Mark Grinblatt, University of Southern California
  • D. Jacque Grinnell, University of Vermont
  • Daniel M. Gropper, Auburn University
  • Herschel I. Grossman, Brown University
  • Alexander J. Groth, University of California, Davis
  • Robert C. Guell, Indiana State University
  • Daniel Guerriere, California State University, Long Beach
  • David F. Guerriere, California State University, Long Beach
  • Gerald A. Gunderson, Trinity College
  • James D. Gwartney, Florida State University
  • Gottfried Haberler, American Enterprise Institute
  • David D. Haddock, Northwestern University
  • Claire H. Hammond, Wake Forest University
  • J. Daniel Hammond, Wake Forest University
  • Steve H. Hanke, Johns Hopkins University
  • Donald C. Hansen, Bellevue College
  • Robert G. Hansen, Dartmouth College
  • Ronald W. Hansen, Univerity of Rochester
  • Gordon Hanson, University of Texas
  • John R. Hanson, Texas A & M University
  • Edward J. Harpham, University of Texas
  • William T. Harris, University of Delaware
  • Glenn W. Harrison, University of South Carolina
  • C. Lowell Harriss, Columbia University
  • Michael D. Harsh, Randolph-Macon College
  • James C. Hartigan, University of Oklahoma
  • Peter Hartley, Rice University
  • William F. Harvey, Indiana University
  • C. Beth Haynes, Brigham Young University
  • Thomas W. Hazlett, University of California, Davis
  • Will C. Heath, University of Southwestern Louisiana
  • Robert F. Hébert, Auburn University
  • Frank L. Hefner, University of South Carolina
  • John M. Heineke, Santa Clara University
  • Ronald A. Heiner, George Mason University
  • A. James Heins, University of Illinois
  • Robert B. Helms, American Enterprise Institute
  • David R. Henderson, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • James Henderson, Baylor University
  • Mark G. Herander, University of South Florida
  • Gail L. Heriot, University of San Diego
  • Robert S. Herren, North Dakota State University
  • Robert Higgs, Seattle University
  • P. J. Hill, Wheaton College
  • Pershing J. Hill, University of Alaska
  • R. S. Hill, Marietta College
  • George W. Hilton, UCLA
  • Mark Hirschey, University of Kansas
  • David Hirshleifer, UCLA
  • Jack Hirshleifer, UCLA
  • David J. Hoaas, Centenary College of Louisiana
  • Bradley K. Hobbs, Bellarmine College
  • Irving Hoch, University of Texas
  • Richard I. Hofferbert, State University of New York, Binghamton
  • Randall G. Holcombe, Florida State University
  • Paul Hollander, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • Charles A. Holt, University of Virginia
  • Douglas Holtz-Eakin, Columbia University
  • Jerry M. Hood, Loyola University, New Orleans
  • Hans-Hermann Hoppe, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • George Horwich, Purdue University
  • Steven Horwitz, St. Lawrence University
  • Douglas A. Houston, University of Kansas
  • William M. Hoyt, Georgetown University
  • James L. Hudson, Northern Illinois University
  • David Huettner, University of Oklahoma
  • Brooks B. Hull, University of Michigan, Dearborn
  • Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, Golden Gate University
  • William J. Hunter, Marquette University
  • Lee Huskey, University of Alaska
  • Thomas Hyde, Pfieffer College
  • Keith N. Hylton, Northwestern University
  • Laurence R. Iannaccone, Santa Clara University
  • John D. Jackson, Auburn University
  • Joseph M. Jadlow, Oklahoma State University
  • Dennis Jansen, Texas A & M University
  • Gregg A. Jarrell, University of Rochester
  • D. Bruce Johnson, University of Pennsylvania
  • M. Bruce Johnson, The Independent Institute and University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Dennis A. Johnson, University of South Dakota
  • Melvin N. Johnson, North Carolina A & T University
  • Ronald N. Johnson, Montana State University
  • Thomas Johnson, North Carolina State University
  • Cho Joonmo, University of Oklahoma
  • Boyan Jovanovic, New York University
  • James A. Kahn, University of Rochester
  • Joseph P. Kalt, Harvard University
  • Gordon V. Karcis, University of Nebraska
  • Norman Karlin, Southwestern University
  • Jonathan M. Karpoff, University of Washington
  • David L. Kaserman, Auburn University
  • Jacqueline Kasun, Humboldt State University
  • George G. Kaufman, Loyola University, Chicago
  • Raphael G. Kazmann, Louisiana State University
  • J. R. Kearl, Brigham Young University
  • Donald S. Kenkel, Pennsylvania State University
  • Lawrence W. Kenny, University of Florida
  • S. Joseph Khoury, University of California, Berkeley
  • B. F. Kiker, University of South Carolina
  • Benjamin Klein, UCLA
  • Daniel B. Klein, University of California, Irvine
  • David Klingaman, Ohio University
  • Douglas W. Kmiec, University of Notre Dame
  • Bruce H. Kobayashi, George Mason University
  • Charles D. Kolstad, University of Illinois
  • Robert A. Korajcyk, Northwestern University
  • Scott Koslow, University of Texas
  • Marvin H. Kosters, American Enterprise Institute
  • Melvyn B. Krauss, New York University
  • Michael I. Krauss, George Mason University
  • David Kreutzer, James Madison University
  • T. N. Krishnamurth, Florida State University
  • Robert Krol, California State University, Northridge
  • Melvin A. Kulbicki, York College of Pennsylvania
  • Lawrence A. Kudlow, National Review
  • David N. Laband, Salisbury State University
  • Sumner J. LaCroix, University of Hawaii
  • Everett C. Ladd, University of Connecticut
  • Roy D. Laird, University of Kansas
  • John P. Lajaunie, Nicholls State University
  • Val Lambson, Brigham Young University
  • Steven E. Landsburg, University of Rochester
  • Gary Lane, Pepperdine University
  • Nicholas A. Lash, Loyola University, Chicago
  • Phillip LeBell, Montclair State College
  • Bartholomew Lee, Golden Gate University
  • Dwight R. Lee, University of Georgia
  • Michael A. Leeds, Temple University
  • Evelyn Lehrer, University of Illinois, Chicago
  • Michael Levin, City College of New York
  • Peter Lewin, University of Dallas
  • Gary P. Libecap, University of Arizona
  • Stanley W. Liebowitz, University of Texas, Dallas
  • Anthony K. Lima, California State University, Hayward
  • Cotton M. Lindsay, Clemson University
  • Jody Lipford, Presbyterian College
  • Luis Locay, University of Miami
  • Charles Lofgren, Claremont McKenna College
  • Charles H. Logan, University of Connecticut
  • Dennis E. Logue, Dartmouth College
  • Loren E. Lomasky, Bowling Green State University
  • Karen V. Lombard, University of Miami
  • Roderick T. Long, University of North Carolina
  • R. M. Longyear, University of Lexington
  • James H. Lorie, University of Chicago
  • James R. Lothian, Fordham University
  • John R. Lott, Jr., University of Pennsylvania
  • Carl F. Luft, DePaul University
  • R. Ashley Lyman, University of Idaho
  • Maurice MacDonald, University of Wisconsin
  • Jonathan R. Macey, Cornell University
  • Tibor R. Machan, Auburn University
  • Eric Mack, Tulane University
  • Robert J. Mackay, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
  • Robert Main, Butler University
  • Paul Malatesta, University of Washington
  • Yuri Maltsev, Carthage College
  • Richard P. Mancke, Tufts University
  • Allan Mandelstamm, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Robert Maness, Louisiana State University
  • N. Gregory Mankiw, Harvard University
  • Richard Manning, Brigham Young University
  • William Markely, York College of Pennsylvania
  • Denise R. Markovich, University of North Dakota
  • William R. Marty, Memphis State University
  • John D. Mason, Gordon College
  • Robert T. Masson, Cornell University
  • Scott E. Masten, University of Michigan
  • John Mathys, DePaul University
  • Merrill Matthews, Jr., National Center for Policy Analysis
  • Thomas Mayor, University of Houston
  • George McCabe, University of Nebraska
  • Bernard McCarney, Illinois State University
  • Fred S. McChesney, Emory University
  • Donald N. McCloskey, University of Iowa
  • Robert E. McCormick, Clemson University
  • Myra J. McCrikard, Bellarmine College
  • Wendell H. McCulloch, Jr., Fordham University
  • Bruce D. McCullough, Fordham University
  • Robert L. McDonald, Northwestern University
  • Robert W. McGee, Seton Hall University
  • Roger E. Meiners, University of Texas, Arlington
  • David I. Meiselman, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State UniversityAlan H. Meltzer, Carnegie-Mellon University
  • Michael Melvin, Arizona State University
  • Lloyd J. Mercer, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • John R. Meyer, Harvard University
  • Jacob B. Michaelsen, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Stanley J. Michalak, Franklin and Marshall College
  • Paul E. Michelson, Huntington College
  • Abraham H. Miller, University of Cincinnati
  • Fred D. Miller, Jr., Bowling Green State University
  • Geoffrey P. Miller, University of Chicago
  • Merton Miller, Nobel Laureate, University of Chicago
  • Raymond A. Miller, Southern University
  • H. Dean Moberly, Auburn University
  • C. E. Moody, College of William & Mary
  • Thomas Gale Moore, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • John C. Moorhouse, Wake Forest University
  • Aurelius Morgner, University of Southern California
  • James M. Morris, Christopher Newport College
  • Laurence S. Moss, Babson College
  • J. Harold Mulherin, Dartmouth College
  • Cyril L. Mundell, Loyola University, New Orleans
  • Dennis D. Muraoka, California State University, Long Beach
  • J. Carter Murphy, Southern Methodist University
  • Gerald L. Musgrave, Economics America
  • Richard F. Muth, Emory University
  • Guity Nashat, University of Illinois
  • Ray D. Nelson, Brigham Young University
  • Craig M. Newmark, North Carolina State University
  • James Nichols, Claremont McKenna College
  • William A. Niskanen, Cato Institute
  • Herbert R. Northrup, University of Pennsylvania
  • Geoffrey Nunn, San Jose State University
  • Gerald Oettinger, University of Texas
  • Walter Y. Oi, University of Rochester
  • Marvin Olasky, University of Texas
  • Daniel Oliver, Heritage Foundation
  • Dennis O. Olson, University of Louisville
  • Timothy Opler, Southern Methodist University
  • Lloyd D. Orr, Indiana University
  • Dale Osborne, University of Texas
  • Vincent Ostrom, Indiana University
  • Michael W. Pariza, Univerity of Wisconsin
  • Allen M. Parkman, University of New Mexico
  • Terrance C. Parks, Indiana State University
  • David C. Parsley, Vanderbilt University
  • E. C. Pasour, Jr., North Carolina State University
  • Judd W. Patton, Bellevue College
  • Ellen F. Paul, Bowling Green State Unversity
  • Jeffrey Paul, Bowling Green State University
  • Svetozar Pejovich, Texas A & M University
  • Sam Peltzman, University of Chicago
  • Larry C. Peppers, Washington and Lee University
  • Steven B. Perfect, Florida State University
  • Kenneth D. Peterson, Jr., Furman University
  • Manfred O. Peterson, University of Nebraska
  • Tomas Philipson, University of Chicago
  • William S. Pierce, Case Western Reserve University
  • John Pisciotta, Baylor University
  • Charles R. Plott, California Institute of Technology
  • Jeffrey Pontiff, University of Washington
  • William I. Poole, Brown University
  • Rulon Pope, Brigham Young University
  • Philip K. Porter, University of South Florida
  • Barry W. Poulson, University of Colorado
  • Robert W. Pricer, University of Wisconsin, Madison
  • B. Michael Pritchett, Brigham Young University
  • Jan S. Prybyla, Pennsylvania State University
  • Gary M. Quinlivan, St. Vincent College
  • William J. Quirk, University of South Carolina
  • Jeremy Rabkin, Cornell University
  • Richard W. Rahn, Novecon
  • John Raisian, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • James B. Ramsey, New York University
  • Michael R. Ransom, Brigham Young University
  • Eric Rasmusen, Indiana University
  • William S. Rawson, University of South Carolina
  • M. Ali Raza, California State University, Sacramento
  • W. Robert Reed, University of Oklahoma
  • John J. Reid, Memphis State University
  • Robert W. Reinke, University of South Dakota
  • George Reisman, Pepperdine University
  • Morgan O. Reynolds, Texas A & M University
  • James Rhodes, Marquette University
  • Rita Ricardo-Campbell, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
  • Edward M. Rice, University of Washington
  • Barrie Richardson, Centenary College of Louisiana
  • Terry R. Ridgway, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • James R. Rinehart, Francis Marion College
  • Mario J. Rizzo, New York University
  • James S. Robbins, Tufts University
  • Nancy Horn Roberts, Arizona State University
  • Ray C. Roberts, Jr., Furman University
  • James D. Rodgers, Pennsylvania State University
  • Robert D. Roe, Furman University
  • Jerry Rohacek, University of Alaska
  • Timothy P. Roth, University of Texas, El Paso
  • Murray N. Rothbard, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • Simon Rottenberg, University of Massacchusetts, Amherst
  • James Roumasset, University of HawaiiCharles K. Rowley, George Mason University
  • Charles T. Rubin, Duquesne University
  • Paul H. Rubin, Emory University
  • Roy J. Ruffin, University of Houston
  • Gerard Russo, University of Hawaii
  • Lisa Rutstrom, University of South Carolina
  • Richard P. Saba, Auburn University
  • Murray Sabrin, Ramapo College
  • James A. Sadowsky, Fordham University
  • Henry Saffer, Kean College of New Jersey
  • Joel W. Sailors, University of Houston
  • Joseph T. Salerno, Pace University
  • Michael T. Saliba, Loyola University
  • Frederick E. Samson, Jr., University of Kansas
  • Sue Lynn Sasser, University of South Dakota
  • E. S. Savas, Baruch College
  • Thomas R. Saving, Texas A & M University
  • D. Eric Schansberg, Indiana University
  • David Schap, College of the Holy Cross
  • Craig Schulman, University of Arkansas
  • Anna J. Schwartz, New York University
  • Joseph Schwartz, Marquette University
  • Loren C. Scott, Louisiana State University
  • Robert H. Scott, California State University, Chico
  • Gerald W. Scully, University of Texas, Dallas
  • Richard T. Selden, University of Virginia
  • Barry J. Seldon, University of Texas
  • George A. Selgin, University of Georgia
  • Parth Shah, University of Michigan
  • Frederic B. Shipley, DePaul University
  • Stephen Shmanske, California State University, Hayward
  • Mark H. Showalter, Brigham Young University
  • William F. Shughart, II, University of Mississippi
  • Joseph Gregory Sidak, American Enterprise Institute
  • Barry N. Siegel, University of Oregon
  • Stephen Silver, The Citadel
  • Julian L. Simon, University of Maryland
  • Gene R. Simonson, California State University, Long Beach
  • Daniel T. Slesnick, University of Texas
  • Frank Slesnick, Bellarmine College
  • Daniel Slottje, Southern Methodist University
  • William Gene Smiley, Marquette University
  • Barton A. Smith, University of Houston
  • Bradley A. Smith, Capital University
  • Janet K. Smith, Arizona State University
  • Lowell C. Smith, Nichols College
  • Rodney T. Smith, Claremont Graduate School
  • Vernon L. Smith, University of Arizona
  • Karl N. Snow, University of North Carolina
  • David L. Soliars, Auburn University
  • David E. Spencer, Brigham Young University
  • Michael F. Sproul, UCLA
  • Robert F. Stambaugh, University of Pennsylvania
  • John F. Stehle, Villanova University
  • Herbert Stein, American Enterprise Institute
  • Frank G. Steindl, Brown University
  • Jesse J. Stephens, Florida State Univerity
  • James A. Stever, University of CincinnatiRobert Stillman, Lexecon, Inc.
  • Houston H. Stokes, University of Illinois, Chicago
  • Hans R. Stoll, Vanderbilt University
  • Bernell K. Stone, Brigham Young University
  • Richard L. Stroup, Montana State University
  • Shirley V. Svorny, California State University, Northridge
  • Richard J. Sweeney, Georgetown University
  • Evan Tanner, University of Miami
  • John C. Taylor, Stanford University
  • Thomas C. Taylor, Wake Forest University
  • David J. Teece, University of California, Berkeley
  • Siew Hong Teoh, UCLA
  • David J. Theroux, The Independent Institute
  • Earl Thompson, UCLA
  • Henry Thompson, Auburn University
  • Mark Thornton, Auburn University
  • Walter N. Thurman, North Carolina State University
  • Richard Timberlake, Jr., University of GeorgiaRobert D. Tollison, George Mason University
  • Eugenia F. Toma, University of Kentucky
  • Mark Toma, University of Kentucky
  • Stephen J. Tonsor, III, University of Michigan
  • Robert J. Tosterud, University of South Dakota
  • Deno Trakas, Wofford College
  • Stephen J. Trejo, University of California, Berkeley
  • Robert H. Trent, University of Virginia
  • George W. Trivoli, Jacksonville State University
  • George Troughton, California State University, Chico
  • Leo Troy, Rutgers University
  • Bradford H. Tuck, University of Alaska
  • Gordon Tullock, University of Arizona
  • Norman B. Ture, Institute for Research on the Economics of Taxation
  • Charlotte Twight, Boise State University
  • Jon G. Udell, University of Wisconsin
  • Melville J. Ulmer, University of Marytand
  • John Umbeck, Purdue University
  • Robert L. Utely, Wake Forest University
  • Ronald Utt, Novecon
  • James Van Beek, Blinn College
  • Hendrik van den Berg, University of Nebraska
  • John B. Van Huyck, Texas A & M University
  • Karen I. Vaughn, George Mason University
  • Richard K. Vedder, Ohio University
  • Susan M. Wachter, University of Pennsylvania
  • Warren R. Wade, North Park College
  • Richard E. Wagner, George Mason University
  • Michael L. Walden, North Carolina State University
  • Deborah Walker, Loyola University, New Orleans
  • Myles S. Wallace, Clemson University
  • Stephen J. Walters, Loyola College of Maryland
  • John T. Warner, Clemson University
  • Alan Rufus Waters, California State University, Fresno
  • Carolyn L. Weaver, American Enterprise Institute
  • Murray L. Weidenbaum, Washington University
  • Merle Yohr Weiss, Temple University
  • Robert Weissberg, University of Illinois
  • Finis Welch, Texas A & M University
  • John T. Wenders, University of Idaho
  • Walter J. Wessels, North Carolina State University
  • J. Fred Weston, UCLA
  • James B. Whisker, West Virginia University
  • Lawrence H. White, University of Georgia
  • Kenneth Wiles, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  • Allen J. Wilkins, Marshall University
  • Walter E. Williams, George Mason University
  • J. F. Willis, San Jose State University
  • Bradford Wilson, Ashland University
  • Paul Wilson, University of Texas
  • R. Mark Wilson, University of South Florida
  • Mark Wohar, University of Nebraska
  • Christopher Wolfe, Marquette University
  • Gary Wolfram, Hillsdale College
  • Kar-Yiu Wong, University of Washington
  • Christopher Wonnett, University of San Diego
  • J. Stuart Wood, Tulane University
  • W. William Woolsey, The Citadel
  • Thomas L. Wyrick, Southwest Missouri State University
  • Bruce Yandle, Jr., Clemson University
  • Stephen Yates, University of South Carolina
  • Sang-Seung Yi, Dartmouth College
  • Edward E. Zajac, University of Arizona
  • Imad Zbib, Ramapo College
  • Harman Zeigler, University of Puget Sound
  • Thomas S. Zorn, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
  • Catherine Zuckert, Carleton College
  • Michael Zuckert, Carleton College
  • Benjamin Zycher, UCLA

* In The Open Letter to President Clinton, 565 economists and 76 other scholars from all 50 states and the District of Columbia state their firm opposition to any form of direct and indirect price controls in any healthcare program. Rationing Health Care: The New Threat of Price Controls, by Simon Rottenberg and David J. Theroux

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AMERICAN HEALTH CARE: Government, Market Processes, and the Public Interest
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