Senior Fellows

Bruce L. Benson
DeVoe Moore Distinguished Research Professor of Economics, Florida State University


Ivan Eland
Senior Fellow and Director, Center on Peace & Liberty, Independent Institute


John C. Goodman
Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute


John R. Graham
Senior Fellow


Robert Higgs
Senior Fellow in Political Economy. Editor at Large, The Independent Review.


Lawrence J. McQuillan
Senior Fellow and Director of the Center on Entrepreneurial Innovation


Robert H. Nelson
Professor of Environmental Policy, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland


Charles V. Peña
Senior Fellow, Independent Institute


Benjamin W. Powell
Senior Fellow, Independent Institute; Director, Free Market Institute, Texas Tech University


William F. Shughart II
J. Fish Smith Professor in Public Choice, Jon M. Huntsman School of Business, Utah State University


Randy T. Simmons
Professor of Economics, Utah State University


Alexander T. Tabarrok
Senior Fellow, Independent Institute


Alvaro Vargas Llosa
Senior Fellow, Center on Global Prosperity, Independent Institute


Richard K. Vedder
Edwin and Ruth Kennedy Distinguished Professor of Economics, Ohio University



Research Fellows

Burton A. Abrams
Professor of Economics, University of Delaware


Vicki E. Alger
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Gary M. Anderson
Professor of Economics, California State University, Northridge


Karen LaFollette Araujo
President, Hemispheric Studies Institute


Dominick T. Armentano
Professor Emeritus of Economics, University of Hartford


Robert C. Arne
Co-Director, The School of Choice


June Akinyi Arunga

George B. N. Ayittey
President of the Free Africa Foundation and former Distinguished Economist in Residence in the Department of Economics at American University


Thompson Ayodele
Executive Director, Initiative for Public Policy Analysis, Nigeria.


Benjamin H. Barton
Associate Professor of Law, University of Tennessee


Stephen Baskerville
Associate Professor of Government at Patrick Henry College and author of Taken Into Custody: The War Against Fathers, Marriage, and the Family (Cumberland House, 2007).


Jonathan Bean
Professor of History, Southern Illinois University


Scott A. Beaulier
Assistant Professor of Economics in Mercer University’s Stetson School of Business and Economics


Wilfred Beckerman
Professor of Economics, Oxford University, England


David Beckworth
Assistant Professor of Economics at Western Kentucky University


Boris Begovic
Professor of Economics at the School of Law at the University of Belgrade


David T. Beito
Professor of History, University of Alabama


Daniel K. Benjamin
Professor of Economics, Clemson University


Kiran Bhatt
Economist, K.T. Analytics, Inc.


K. Lloyd Billingsley
Policy Fellow and Communications Counsel, Independent Institute


Erwin A. Blackstone
Professor of Economics at Temple University


Peter J. Boettke
University Professor of Economics and Philosophy, George Mason University


Patricia H. Born
Associate Professor in the College of Business at Florida State University


Boudewijn R. A. Bouckaert
Professor of Law, University of Ghent, Belgium


Donald J. Boudreaux
Professor of Economics, George Mason University


Samuel Jan Brakel
Professor of Law and Director of Research at the Health Law Institute at DePaul University in Chicago


Timothy J. Brennan
Professor of Policy Sciences, University of Maryland


Stephen N. Bretsen
William Volkman Chair of Business and Law, Wheaton College


Jo-Christy Brown
Partner, Brown, Carls & Mitchell, L.L.P.


Matthew E. Brown
Ph.D. candidate in economics at Florida State University


Edgar K. Browning
Professor Emeritus of Economics, Texas A&M University


Scott G. Bullock
Senior Attorney, Institute for Justice


Richard C. K. Burdekin
Professor of Economics, Claremont-McKenna College


Laurie L. Calhoun
Research Fellow at the Independent Institute and Advisory Editor of Transition: An International Review.


Noel D. Campbell
Professor of Economics, North Georgia College & State University


Art Carden
Associate Professor of Economics and Business, Samford University


Thomas F. Cargill
Professor of Economics, University of Nevada


Allan C. Carlson
President, Howard Center for Family, Religion and Society


Christopher J. Check
Executive Vice President, Rockford Institute


Carl P. Close
Research Fellow and Senior Editor, Independent Institute


Lloyd R. Cohen
Professor of Law, George Mason University


G. Marcus Cole
William Benjamin Scott and Luna M. Scott Professor of Law, Stanford University


Timothy J. Considine
Director, Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, Pennsylvania State University


Adriana S. Cordis
Professor of Economics, Clemson University


Daniel Adolfo Cordova Cayo
Dean, School of Economics, University of Applied Sciences, Lima, Peru


Tyler Cowen
General Director of the Mercatus Center and the James M. Buchanan Center for Political Economy at George Mason University


Christopher J. Coyne
F.A. Harper Professor of Economics at George Mason University.


Eric Crampton
Senior Lecturer in Economics at the University of Canterbury


Christopher W. Crowe
Economist in Systemic Issues, International Monetary Fund


Nicholas A. Curott
Visiting Lecturer of Economics and Finance, University of South Alabama


Terry Daniel
Professor of Business, University of Alberta


Patricia M. Danzon
Professor of Health Care Systems, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania


Stephen J. Davies
Professor of English and History, Manchester Polytechnic, England


Alan Day
Professor, London School of Economics


Anthony de Jasay
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Robert T. Deacon
Professor of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara


Donald N. DeWees
Professor of Economics, University of Toronto, Canada


Thomas J. DiLorenzo
Professor of Economics, Loyola College in Maryland


David E. Dismukes
Professor of Economics, Loyola College in Maryland


Justus D. Doenecke
Professor Emeritus of History, New College of Florida


George W. Douglas
Economic Counsel, George W. Douglas and Company


Kevin Dowd
Professor of Finance and Economics at Durham University, England


Donald A. Downs
Professor of Political Science, Law and Journalism, University of Wisconsin


Stephen P. Dresch
Former Dean, Michigan Technological University's School of Business and Engineering Administration


Steven J. Eagle
Professor of Law, George Mason University


Robert B. Ekelund
Edward and Catherine Lowder Emminent Scholar of Economics, Auburn University


Martin Eling

Richard A. Epstein
Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law, New York University


Diego Espinosa
Hedge fund manager and private investor


John B. Estill
Lecturer in the Department of Economics at San Jose State University


Williamson M. Evers
Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University


Craig Eyermann
Instructor in Business and Mathematics at Axia College of the University of Phoenix


Hugo J. Faria
Professor of Economics and Finance at the Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administracion in Caracas, Venezuela


Roger D. Feldman
Professor, Center for Health Services Research, University of Minnesota


Fred E. Foldvary
Professor of Economics, Santa Clara University


Kenneth R. Foster
Professor of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania


Arthur E. Foulkes
Professor of Government, Northwood University


David T. Fractor
Manager, Forensic Economics, Findlay Phillips & Associates


H. E. Frech
Professor of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara


Lowell E. Gallaway
Edwin and Ruth Kennedy Distinguished Professor of Economics, Ohio University


Paula A. Gant
Fellow in Economics, Auburn University


B. Delworth Gardner
Emeritus Professor of Economics, Brigham Young University


Adam Gifford
Professor of Economics, California State University, Northridge


David Glasner
Staff Economist, Bureau of Economics, Federal Trade Commission


Zachary Gochenour
Fellow, Department of Economics, George Mason University


Peter Gordon
Professor of Policy, Planning and Development, University of Southern California


Brian C. Gothberg
Instructor in American history and the history of Western civilization at the Academy of Art University


Martin F. Grace
James S. Kemper Professor of Risk Management, Georgia State University


William M. Gray
Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University (CSU), head of the Tropical Meteorology Project at CSU, and a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society


David G. Green
Director, Health and Welfare Unit, Institute of Economic Affairs, England


Anthony Gregory
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Thomas Grennes
Professor of Economics, North Carolina State University


David D. Haddock
Professor of Law, Northwestern University


Jahn K. Hakes
Assistant Professor of Economics, Albion College


Simon Hakim
Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for Competitive Government, Temple University


Stephen P. Halbrook
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Joshua C. Hall
Assistant Professor of Economics at Beloit College


Abigail R. Hall

Steve H. Hanke
Professor of Applied Economics, Johns Hopkins University


Ronald W. Hansen
Professor of Management, University of Rochester


Clark C. Havighurst
William Neal Reynolds Professor of Law, Duke University


Jeffrey E. Haymond
Vice Commander, Space Development and Test Wing, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico


Ian G. Heggie
Roads Advisor, World Bank; Lecturer, University of Birmingham


Eric A. Helland
Professor of Economics, Claremont McKenna College


Robert B. Helms
Resident Scholar and Director of Health Policy Studies, American Enterprise Institute


Joshua R. Hendrickson
Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Mississippi


Elizabeth Bernard Higgs
Adjunct Fellow, Independent Institute


Peter J. Hill
George F. Bennett Professor Emeritus of Business and Economics, Wheaton College


Jack Hirshleifer
Professor of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles


William W. Hogan
Professor of Public Policy, Kennedy School, Harvard University


Randall G. Holcombe
DeVoe Moore Professor of Economics, Florida State University


Peter W. Huber
Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute


Jeffrey Rogers Hummel
Associate Professor of Economics, San Jose State University


David Isenberg
Research Fellow at the Independent Institute


Gail A. Jensen
Professor, Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University


Dan Johansson
Vice President, The Ratio Institute


Don B. Kates Jr.
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Wallace Kaufman
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Charles E. Kay
Professor of Political Science, Utah State University


Charles N. W. Keckler
Visiting Assistant Professor of Law, Pennsylvania State University


Michael K. Kellogg
Senior Partner, Kellogg, Huber & Hansen


Lynne Kiesling
Senior Lecturer in the Department of Economics and the Social Enterprise in the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University


C. Ronald Kimberling
Senior Vice President and Provost, Phillips College, Inc.


Daniel B. Klein
Professor of Economics at George Mason University; co-author of FDAReview.org


Robert W. Klein
Associate Professor and director at the Center for Risk Management and Insurance Research, Georgia State University


Peter G. Klein
Associate Professor of Applied Social Sciences and Associate Professor of Public Affairs, University of Missouri; Director, McQuinn Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership


Andrew N. Kleit
Professor of Energy and Environmental Economics, Pennsylvania State University


Barbara Klimaszewski-Blettner

Bruce H. Kobayashi
Professor of Law, George Mason University


Roger Koppl
Professor of Economics and Finance, Fairleigh Dickinson University


William E. Kovacic
Professor of Law, George Mason University


Timur Kuran
Professor of Economics and Political Science, Gorter Family Chair in Islamic Studies, and Associate Director of the Islamic Studies Center at Duke University


Edward J. López
BB&T Distinguished Professor of Capitalism, Western Carolina University


Deepak K. Lal
James S. Coleman Professor of International Development Studies, University of California at Los Angeles


James A. Langenfeld
Former Deputy Assistant Director, Bureau of Economics, Federal Trade Commission


Robert A. Lawson
Jerome M. Fullinwider Chair in Economic Freedom, Southern Methodist University


Dwight R. Lee
William J. O’Neil Endowed Chair Global Markets and Freedom and Scholar in Residence, Southern Methodist University


Peter T. Leeson
BB&T Professor for the Study of Capitalism, George Mason University


David R. Legates
Professor and Director of the Center for Climate Research, University of Delaware


Eli Lehrer
President, R Street Institute


Pierre Lemieux
Visiting Professor of Economics, Universitè du Quèbec en Outaouais, Canada


David M. Levinson
Professor of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota


Stan J. Liebowitz
Ashbel Smith Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for the Analysis of Property Rights and Innovation, University of Texas, Dallas


Cotton M. Lindsay
Professor of Economics, Clemson University


James M. Lindsay
Professor of Political Science, University of Iowa


Ian S. Lustick
Bess W. Heyman Chair of Political Science and Director of Graduate Studies in the Political Science Department at the University of Pennsylvania


Spencer Heath MacCallum
Director, Heather Foundation


Jonathan R. Macey
J. DuPratt White Professor of Law, Cornell University


Tibor R. Machan
Professor of Philosophy, Chapman University


Douglas W. MacKenzie
Visiting Assistant Professor of Economics, U.S. Coast Guard Academy


William C. MacLeod
Partner, Kelley Drye & Warren LLP


John D. Majewski
Professor of History, University of California, Santa Barbara


Stephen E. Margolis
Head, Department of Economics, North Carolina State University


J. Victor Marshall
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Joseph P. Martino
Senior Research Scientist, University of Dayton


Kenneth R. Mayer
Professor of Political Science, University of Wisconsin


Fred S. McChesney
Class of 1967 James B. Haddad Professor of Law, Northwestern University


Paul W. McCracken
Edmund Ezra Day Distinguished University Professor Emeritus of Business Administration, Economics, and Public Policy, University of Michigan; former Chairman, President's Council of Economic Advisors


Wendy McElroy
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Vern P. McKinley
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Thomas Means
Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for Economic Education at San Jose State University


Roger E. Meiners
Professor of Economics, University of Texas, Arlington


John D. Merrifield
Professor of Economics, University of Texas, San Antonio


Peter P. Metrinko
Former attorney advisor to a Commissioner at the Federal Trade Commission


Robert J. Michaels
Professor of Economics, California State University, Fullerton


Jeffrey A. Miron
Professor of Economics, Harvard University


Herbert Mohring
Professor of Economics, University of Minnesota


Mike Moore
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Cassandra Moore
Adjunct Fellow, Independent Institute


Robert L. Morris, Jr.
Policy Fellow, Independent Institute


Michael A. Morrisey
Director, Lister Hill Center for Health Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham


Andrew P. Morriss
Dean and Anthony G. Buzbee Dean's Endowed Chairholder at Texas A&M School of Law


Michael C. Munger
Professor of Political Science, Economics and Public Policy, and Director the Philosophy, Politics, and Economics Program at Duke University.


Robert P. Murphy
President, Consulting by RPM; Senior Economist with the Institute for Energy Research


George W. Nicholson
Associate Justice for the Court of Appeal, Third District, State of California


Paul Niemann
Senior Consultant, Health Management Associates


Randal O’Toole
Senior Fellow, Thoreau Institute and Cato Institute


Edward A. Olsen
Professor Emeritus of National Security Studies, Naval Postgraduate School


James R. Otteson
Executive Director, BB&T Center for the Study of Capitalism, School of Business, and Teaching Professor of Political Economy, Wake Forest University


Ernest C. Pasour Jr.
Professor Emeritus of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University


Mark V. Pauly
Bendheim Professor; Professor of Health Care Management, and Professor of Business and Public Policy; Wharton School; University of Pennsylvania


James L. Payne
Research Fellow at the Independent Institute and Director of Lytton Research and Analysis


Ilan Peleg
Dean Professor of Social Sciences, Lafayette College


Lewis Perry
John Francis Bannon Endowed Chair of History, St. Louis University


Craig S. Pirrong
Professor of Economics, University of Houston


Andre Plourde
Professor of Business, University of Alberta


Daniel D. Polsby
Dean and Professor of Law, George Mason University School of Law


Jeffrey J. Pompe
Nellie Cooke Sparrow Professor of Business, Professor of Economics, and Francis Marion University Trustee Research Scholar, Francis Marion University


Robert W. Poole Jr.
Founder, Reason Foundation


Lawrence S. Powell
Whitbeck-Beyer Chair of Insurance and Financial Services and Associate Professor of Economics and Finance at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock


Randall J. Pozdena
Managing Director, ECONorthwest


Adam C. Pritchard
Professor of Law, University of Michigan


David W. Rasmussen
Director, Policy Sciences Center, Florida State University


Michael Reksulak
Assistant Professor of Economics at Georgia Southern University


Nicholas Rescher
University Professor of Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh


Harry W. Richardson
Professor of Policy, Planning & Development, University of Southern California


Sheldon Richman
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


James R. Rinehart
Professor Emeritus of Economics, Francis Marion University


Kenneth J. Robinson
Senior Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas


Neil Roden
Manager, Private Finance Team, Highways Agency, United Kingdom Department of Transport


Robert A. Rogowsky
Director of Operations, U.S. International Trade Commission


Gabriel Roth
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


P. Nicholas Rowe
Professor of Economics, Carleton University


Paul H. Rubin
Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Economics, Emory University


Randal R. Rucker
Professor of Agricultural Economics and Economics, Montana State University


Andrew R. Rutten
Lecturer in the Department of Political Science, Stanford University


Barbara A. Ryan
Vice President of Industry Analysis, Capital Economics


Matt E. Ryan
Assistant Professor of Economics, Duquesne University


David O. Sacks
Chief Operating Officer for Zenefits Insurance Services, former Chief Operating Officer at PayPal, Inc., and Founder and former Chief Executive Officer at Yammer, Inc., and Geni, Inc.


Peter Samuel
Editor and Publisher, Toll Roads Newsletter


Renuka Sane
Ph.D. candidate in economics, University of New South Wales, Australia


Frederic E. Sautet
Senior Research Fellow, Mercatus Center, George Mason University


Joan T. Schmit
American Family Insurance Chair in Risk Management and Insurance, University of Wisconsin, Madison


Kurt A. Schuler
Economics Consultant


Jordan A. Schwarz
Professor of History, Northern Illinois University


George A. Selgin
Professor of Economics at the University of Georgia


John Semmens
Senior Planner, Arizona Department of Transportation


Parth J. Shah
President, Centre for Civil Society, New Delhi, India


Perry Shapiro
Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of California at Santa Barbara


Stephen Shmanske
Professor of Economics in the College of Business and Economics at California State University, East Bay.


Eugenia D. Short
Former Senior Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas


S. Fred Singer
Professor Emeritus of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia


Emily C. Skarbek
Lecturer, Department of Political Economy, King's College, London, England


David B. Skarbek
Lecturer, Department of Political Economy, King's College, London, England


Vernon L. Smith
Member of the Board of Advisors, Independent Institute; Nobel Laureate in Economic Science; Professor of Law and Director of the Economic Science Institute, Chapman University


Russell S. Sobel
Visiting Scholar at the Initiative for Public Choice & Market Process in the Department of Economics & Finance at the College of Charleston


Ilya Somin
Associate Professor, George Mason University School of Law


John W. Sommer
Knight Distinguished Professor of Geography, University of North Carolina


Joel H. Spring
Professor of Education, State University of New York, New Paltz


Samuel R. Staley
Managing Director, DeVoe L. Moore Center, College of Social Sciences, Florida State University


Robert B. Stinnett
Author, Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor


Edward P. Stringham
Lloyd V. Hackley Endowed Chair for Capitalism and Free Enterprise Studies at Fayetteville State University


Joseph R. Stromberg
Independent Historian


Richard L. Stroup
Adjunct Professor of Economics, North Carolina State University; Professor of Economics, Montana State University


Paul Sullivan
Professor of Economics, National Defense University


Edward C. Sullivan
Professor of Civil Engineering, California State Polytechnic University


Adam Summers
Policy Analyst, Reason Foundation


Scott B. Sumner
Professor of Economics, Bentley University


Shirley V. Svorny
Professor of Economics, California State University, Northridge


Charles Taliaferro
Professor of Philosophy, St. Olaf College


Eric R. Taylor
Marvin & Warren Boudreaux Professor of Chemistry, University of Louisiana at Lafayette


Peter A. Thiel
Founder and Managing Member, Clarium Capital Management, LLC


Mark Thornton
Senior Fellow, Ludwig von Mises Institute


Richard H. Timberlake, Jr.
Professor Emeritus of Economics, University of Georgia


Robert D. Tollison
J. Wilson Newman Professor of Economics and BB&T Senior Fellow at Clemson University


Aleksander Tomic
Associate Professor of Economics and Director of Graduate Studies in Business, Wesleyan College


James N. Tooley
Professor of Education Policy, University New Castle upon Tyre, England


William Tucker
Author, The Excluded Americans: Homelessness and Housing Policies


Charlotte Twight
Adjunct Fellow; Professor of Economics, Boise State University


Frank van Dun
Senior Lecturer in Law, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands


Olegario G. Villoria Jr.
President, OGV Consulting, Inc.


Richard E. Wagner
Hobart R. Hobart Professor of Economics, George Mason University


Thomas F. Walton
Former Economist, Federal Trade Commission


Michael Ward
Professor in Apologetics, Houston Baptist University; Director, C.S. Lewis Centre, Oxford, England


Ashlie Warnick
Visiting Assistant Professor of Law, George Mason University


Alan Rufus Waters
Professor of Finance and Business Law, California State University, Fresno


William J. Watkins Jr.
Research Fellow, Independent Institute


Jilleen R. Westbrook
Professor of Economics, Temple University


Robert M. Whaples
Professor and Chair in the Department of Economics, Wake Forest University


Lawrence J. White
Arthur E. Imperatore Professor of Economics, New York University


Aaron L. White

William R. White
Chairman, Economic Development and Review Committee, OECD


Lawrence H. White
Professor of Economics, George Mason University


Douglas Glen Whitman
Associate Professor of Economics, California State University, Northridge


Thomas D. Willett
Horton Professor of Economics, Claremont Graduate University


W. William Woolsey
Associate Professor of Economics, The Citadel


Bruce Yandle
Alumni Professor of Economics, Clemson University


Leland B. Yeager
Ludwig von Mises Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Economics, Auburn University


Brenda Yelvington
Fellow in Accounting, University of Mississippi


Ryan M. Yonk
Assistant Professor of Political Science, Southern Utah University


José Maria J. Yulo
Research Fellow at the Independent Institute and Lecturer in Philosophy and Western Civilization at the Academy of Art University



In Memoriam Research Fellows

Antony G. N. Flew
Late Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of Reading, England


Elizabeth Fox-Genovese
Late Eleanore Raoul Professor of Humanities, Emory University


Bruce L. Gardner
Late Professor of Agriculture and Resource Economics, University of Maryland


Ronald Hamowy
Emeritus Professor of History, University of Alberta, Canada


M. Bruce Johnson
Founding Research Director, Independent Institute; Professor of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara


David L. Kaserman
late Torchmark Professor of Economics, Auburn University


Jacqueline R. Kasun
Emeritus Professor of Economics, Humboldt State University


Robert E. Keleher
Chief Macroeconomist, Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress


William F. Marina
late Professor Emeritus in History at Florida Atlantic University


William C. Mitchell
Emeritus Professor of Political Science, University of Oregon


William A. Niskanen
Chairman Emeritus and Distinguished Senior Economist, Cato Institute; former Acting Chairman, President’s Council of Economics Advisers


Carl A. Pescosolido, Jr.
President, Sequoia Enterprises


William Ratliff
Research Fellow and Curator of the Americas Collection at the Hoover Institution


Murray N. Rothbard
S. J. Hall Distinguished Professor of Economics, University of Nevada, Las Vegas


Simon Rottenberg
Professor Emeritus of Economics, University of Massachusetts


Charles K. Rowley

Larry J. Sechrest
Professor of Economics, Sul Ross State University


Frederick Seitz
President Emeritus of Rockefeller University and former President of the National Academy of Science


Bernard H. Siegan
Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of San Diego


Julian L. Simon
Professor of Business Administration, University of Maryland


Gordon Tullock
University Professor of Law and Economics and Distinguished Research Fellow, George Mason University


John T. Wenders
Professor of Economics, University of Idaho