Carl P. Close is Senior Editor and Research Fellow at The Independent Institute and Assistant Editor of The Independent Review. Since mid-1999 he has written the Institutes weekly email newsletter, The Lighthouse. He is also co-editor (with Robert Higgs) of Re-Thinking Green: Alternatives to Environmental Bureaucracy, The Challenge of Liberty: Classical Liberalism Today, and Opposing the Crusader State: Alternatives to Global Interventionism. Prior to joining the Independent Institute, he worked in various capacities in the financial services industry. He earned his undergraduate degree in economics from San Francisco State University and his masters degree in economics from the University of California at Santa Barbara, where he also worked as a graduate teaching assistant.